Annual Report Summary 31 July 2022

The Warden

Besides his duties as Warden, John Vickers continued to work with Mark Armstrong on issues in the economics of competition and regulation. Their paper on how patterns of consumer awareness affect patterns of price competition was published in Econometrica. They also issued a working paper on price-cost relationships for multi-product firms, inspired in part by Edgeworth’s (1897) paradox of taxation. John Vickers gave various talks on competition and financial policy, including a lecture to the Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority.

Senior Research Fellows

In ancient logic and linguistics, Susanne Bobzien researched and presented papers on ‘Peripatetic logic in Sextus’ (online) and ‘Speech acts and exclamatory lekta’ (Yale, Princeton). In nineteenth- and early twentieth-century logic, she researched and authored three papers on the relation between Frege, nineteenth-century logicians, and Stoic logic (‘Frege, Hirzel, Stoic logic’; ‘Frege, Sigwart, Stoic logic’; ‘Why Frege did not acknowledge the Stoics’). She also presented and responded to several commentators at two symposia about her ‘Frege plagiarized the Stoics’ (Baltimore, Chicago). In contemporary philosophy, she wrote and gave the 2021 series of Townsend Lectures in Philosophy at Berkeley.

Francis Brown works on algebraic geometry and number theory with application to high-energy physics. He is currently completing a long-running project to define a new cohomology theory of motives underlying Mellin transforms, with applications to Galois symmetries in quantum field theory. In addition, he has been constructing a compactification of the moduli space of tropical abelian varieties, leading to new classes in their cohomology. He gave virtual lectures on these and other topics at Harvard and other institutions in the UK, Germany, Sweden and Ireland. He is principal investigator of an ERC grant on the Galois Theory of Periods.

Santanu Das continued working on the idea of ‘lived experience’ in twentieth-century literature and culture, with a focus on war and maritime travel, for a book-length study under contract with Cambridge University Press. He also wrote articles on topics such as imperial statuary at St. Paul’s Cathedral, and colonial media during WW1. He gave the 2022 Oxford-Berlin Lecture, his first in-person address since the pandemic. With the archives having reopened, he is collecting material for the Oxford Book of First World War Empire Writing. He recently joined the editorial board of the Cambridge Quarterly. 

Colin Burrow has written articles on John Marston’s Oxford, and (for the London Review of Books) on topics including Stanley Cavell, Alexander Pope, and quotations. He has worked on the Elizabethan volume of the Oxford English Literary History, a series of which he is a General Editor, completing chapters on religious and historical writing. He is General Editor of Review of English Studies, and has delivered lectures in England, Sicily, and Canada on topics ranging from literary discomfort to imitation.

Cécile Fabre finished her research monograph on the ethics of espionage (Spying Through a Glass Darkly – The Ethics of Espionage and Counter-Intelligence 2022 OUP). She wrote and delivered her Stanford Tanner Lectures on Human Values, on the topic of humankind’s common cultural heritage, and worked on papers on a range of topics, such as the ethics of gossip, the ethics of military intervention in inter-state conflicts, and victims’ duties to wrongdoers.

Ruth Harris has completed her volume entitled Guru to the World: Vivekananda’s Life and Legacy. The book is published by Harvard University Press, and will appear in America, Britain, and in India between October and December 2022. In addition to this milestone, Professor Harris has given a keynote lecture in Mainz on Hinduism and Conversion, presented on Vivekananda’s impact on western society in Calcutta (online), and organised a panel in Poznan on global religions. She has completed book chapters on ‘Hinduism and the Feminization of Religion’ and written anew on the Dreyfus Affair.

Paul Fendley has continued his research in condensed-matter theory and mathematical physics, focusing on quantum many-body systems with strong interactions. One current theme is understanding the interplay between topology and integrability. Particular effort this year included utilising his results on lattice topological defects to understand the dualities and ensuing phase diagrams for chains and ladders of Rydberg atoms. He gave seminars at conferences in Paris, Florence, Leeds, London, and Wales. 

Cecilia Heyes continued her interdisciplinary work on the cultural evolutionary origins of distinctively human cognition. This year she focused on norm psychology – our capacity to think about what we ought to do – and collaborated with anthropologists in research on the origins of teaching and on psychological processes that modulate the fidelity of cultural inheritance. She gave lectures at several universities in the UK and continental Europe, including the Rudolf Carnap Lectures at the Ruhr University, Bochum.

Neil Kenny, on leave at the University of Toronto as a Fellow of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, worked on the relation of literature and learning to social hierarchy in early modern Europe. He finished editing a collective volume on that topic and saw it through the press. He researched and began writing a monograph on social hierarchy in Rabelais, wrote two papers on peasants in Noël du Fail, wrote and published a paper on race in Montaigne, and published another on Marguerite de Navarre. He continued doing policy-related work as the British Academy’s Lead Fellow for Languages.

Noel Malcolm completed work on a monograph exploring the history of homosexuality in Europe, the Ottoman Empire and the European colonies during the early modern period. This arose from his work on a document he had found in the Venetian state archives, which yielded an article published in Past & Present. He also continued to prepare a volume of the Clarendon Edition of the Works of Thomas Hobbes, containing Hobbes’s autobiographical and occasional writings.

Vladimir Markovic wrote two papers about the uniqueness of minimal surfaces in higher rank Lie groups and the homological properties of Mapping Class Groups. In addition, another three papers were accepted for publication. He delivered several conference and seminar talks and taught an advanced course in the Trinity Term. His Simons Professorship has been renewed for another five years, and he was elected as the next managing editor of the Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society which is a flagship UK mathematical journal. 

Angela McLean is the Chief Scientific Adviser in the Ministry of Defence. Her responsibilities there include overseeing the very large portfolio of scientific research performed on behalf of Defence and helping the Ministry improve its use of scientific ways of working in all its decision making. With the other Chief Scientists across government she works to drive the delivery of changes which will allow the UK to be a science superpower by 2030.

Miriam Meyerhoff published articles on coherence and aesthetics in the micro-variation of language, Bislama and Bequia English grammar, decolonising sociolinguistics, and preschoolers’ strategies for creating and resolving conflict. She gave a one-week series of lectures in Bern, Berlin and Italy, and continued to provide comment to the media on language variation and change.

Catherine Morgan completed articles on Greek federal politics, the work of British women archaeologists in Greece, and (with Christopher Hayward) the quarry industry of the Corinthia. She continued to work on finds from cave sanctuaries on Meganisi and Leukas, and at Astakos in Akarnania. She directed the publication team working on Late Antique and Byzantine levels in the ancient theatre of Sparta which she excavated while Director of the British School at Athens. In March 2022, she was Hyde Visitor at the University of Pennsylvania. She served as the Academic Secretary of College.

Lucia Prauscello kept working at her edition of Menander for the Oxford Classical Text and the accompanying volume of Menandrea (philological notes). Covid-19 prevented her from inspecting autoptically quite a number of papyri in German, French and Italian collections, but this coming year should make this again possible. In 2021-22 she published three articles on lyric poetry and submitted two forthcoming articles on lexicography. Her four-year project (2022-26) on Hexameters beyond the canon: new poetry on papyri from Roman and Byzantine Egypt is funded by the AHRC.

Ian Rumfitt spent most of the past year working on his book, provisionally entitled If Truth Be Told: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. The typescript has grown longer than originally expected, but he sent the first 75,000 words (about two thirds of the whole) to the press this spring and hopes to send them the rest in the autumn. He also completed two papers addressing questions in formal logic relating to the book project, which have been submitted to journals.

Gavin Salam has been working on quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and phenomenology at high-energy particle colliders. He has continued the work on his ERC Advanced Grant and Royal Society Research Professorship projects on parton showers in high-energy particle collisions, producing papers on the treatment of quantum-mechanical spin effects and the first parton showers for hadron collisions with well understood accuracy. He also published a perspective on the ten-year anniversary of the Higgs boson in Nature and delivered the opening theory presentation at the 2021 edition of the annual Higgs conference.

Lucia Zedner continues to write and publish on counterterrorism and extremism, immigration control, crime and citizenship. She completed a co-edited book Privatising Border Control: Law at the Limits of the Sovereign State (forthcoming OUP), and contributed chapters on ‘Border control, privatisation and the state’ and ‘Private citizens as border agents’. She gave papers in Oxford and Lisbon and presented online ‘in’ Frankfurt, Barcelona, and Berlin/New York. As Commissioner on a two-year Independent Commission on UK Counterterrorism, she helped design and acted as rapporteur at its first two-day meeting in London with international experts on ‘Counter-terrorism, radicalisation, and human rights’.

University Academic Fellows

Diwakar Acharya focused this year on South and Southeast Asian epigraphy, but also continued working on rare and unpublished Sanskrit texts from Nepal. He gave invited lectures online hosted by Kyoto University, and physically attended two workshops in Nice and Vienna. This year he joined St Andrews Encyclopaedia of Theology (Hindu Section) as a senior editor and continued as Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Indian Philosophy. He also worked for the foundation of Himalaya Centre for Asian Studies (HiCAS) in Kathmandu University. He collaborated with scholars in Europe and Asia, and wrote a research paper jointly with Nina Mirnig (Vienna).

Suzanne Aigrain continued working on the detection and characterisation of exoplanets and their host stars. As PI of the ERC Consolidator Grant, ‘GPRV: overcoming stellar activity in radial velocity planet searches’, her team developed data-driven methods to detect planets in stellar ‘noise’; contributed to the scientific exploitation of NASA’s TESS satellite and to the preparation of the European Space Agency’s PLATO mission. She co-authored thirteen refereed papers, supervised all stages of the HARPS3 vacuum system (Oxford’s contribution to the Terra Hunting Experiment), organised a workshop (45 in-person and 35 online participants) in College, and undertook examining duties in the Physics department.

Timothy Endicott published ‘The death of law?’ in the University of Toronto Law Journal (co-authored with Karen Yeung, University of Birmingham), on the drawbacks of replacing the rule of law with personalised algorithmic regulation. He wrote journal articles concerning the theory of interpretation and relations between law and justice, and a chapter on `Constitutional Interpretation’ for the Cambridge Handbook of Constitutional Theory 2022. He spoke actually or virtually at events in Oxford, Berkeley, Krakow, London, and Wrocław, and served as Chair of Oxford’s Public Law Research Group.

Wolfgang Ernst, together with teams from the Early Manuscripts Electronic Library (Los Angeles) and the Lazarus project (University of Rochester), arranged a reimaging of sample pages of the palimpsest Cod XV (13) at the Biblioteca Capitolare in Verona, aiming at the scriptura inferior, the Institutes of Gaius. He published ‘D. 19.1.23 Iulianus libro 13 digestorum’ (SZ 139 [2022] 352) and worked on various conference presentations, i.a. on ‘Martin Wolff’s Money Tract’.

David Gellner continued to lead his BA grant on The Dalit Search for Dignity: State, Society, and Mobilization from Below in Far West Nepal, which received a no-cost extension from the BA until the end of 2022. It was possible for fieldwork to restart. Publications included ‘The Last Hindu King: How Nepal Desanctified its Monarchy’ in A. Moin and A. Strathern (eds.) Sacred Kingship in World History, and ‘Introduction: Social Anthropology as Scepticism, Empathy, and Holism’ in D.N. Gellner and D.P. Martinez (eds.) Re-Creating Anthropology: Sociality, Matter, and the Imagination (ASA2018 conference volume).

Stathis Kalyvas published two papers on aspects of political violence. His seven-part documentary series on the history of Modern Greece aired on Greek television in January and February 2022, reaching 1.2 million viewers. He is presently finalising a book manuscript on The Landscape of Political Violence. 

Ian Loader conducted fieldwork for the ESRC-funded study, Place, Crime and In/security in Everyday Life. He spent time in the research site – Macclesfield in Cheshire – interviewing residents and security providers, observing policing and generally trying to make sense of the sources and meanings of everyday in/security in Britain today. Ian co-authored a theoretical paper from the study – ‘Security and everyday life in uncertain times’ – for the Oxford Handbook of Criminology (7th ed.). Ian also presented online papers in Alberta, Belfast, Bologna, Harvard and Melbourne on topics ranging from public criminology to de-funding the police.

Debin Ma currently works on three parallel but interrelated themes in the field of long-run economic growth in China and East Asia in a global setting. The first project is developing a theoretical and empirical framework for explaining the historical unity of China under a single ruler. The second is examining or re-examining the role of ideology as a critical factor for understanding institutional and economic transformation in the modern era; the third turns back to the Great Divergence debate where Ma examines agricultural seasonality, a key feature impacting the trajectory of China’s traditional economy and modern transformation.

Sheilagh Ogilvie continued her research on institutions and economic history. Her book, The European Guilds, was awarded the Economic History Association’s biennial Gyorgy Ranki Prize. She delivered the Prais Lecture at the NIESR, keynote lectures in Dubai and Prague, a keynote panel presentation in Exeter, and a paper at the American Economic Association Annual Meeting. An article on human capital came out in Explorations in Economic History and an essay on ‘Economics and History’ is forthcoming in a volume on History and the Social Sciences. She is contributing to a French TV documentary on The History of the European Peasantry.

Catherine Redgwell delivered a special lecture course on ‘General Principles of International Law’ at the Hague Academy of International Law in July 2022, which will be published in the Academy’s Recueil des Cours. Research continued as Co-Director of the Martin School funded projects on The Future of Plastics and Sustainable Oceans, including, in respect of the latter, hosting an international workshop on satellite surveillance and illegal fishing at All Souls in March 2022. She also spoke at a number of events, including at the annual conference of the British Branch of the International Law Association.

Catriona Seth’s edition of Marie-Antoinette’s letters to Ambassador Mercy was published in Italian. She took part in radio/TV programmes/podcasts, co-organised a conference and a study day and travelled to various conferences. A volume of Maupassant short stories came out with an introduction written during lockdown. Articles on women writers and painters appeared in journals and conference proceedings, as did a piece about the poet Parny (in French and in Polish), a preface to a volume on turmoil in Francophone texts, a presentation of Rouen library’s private case and a chapter on the fortune of a famous former Fellow, Edward Young. 

Julia Smith continued her work on early medieval relic cults. In particular, she explored the role of Charlemagne’s court as a hub in networks of relic circulation, sending one article to press and laying the groundwork for a second. She prepared and submitted an Anglo-German research grant application in conjunction with materials scientists at the Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und  prüfung in Berlin. When international travel resumed, she gave papers in Galway, Heidelberg and Vienna.

Amia Srinivasan published her monograph, The Right to Sex. It was shortlisted for the Orwell Prize and the National Book Critics Circle Prize, and named Blackwell’s Book of the Year. She published pieces – on topics including feminist fragmentation, the politics of safety and bestiality – in the London Review of Books, The New Yorker, Financial Times and The New York Times. She gave various lectures, including at Johns Hopkins, Wesleyan, Yale Law School, The New School and (as the Wesson Lecturer) Stanford.

Cecilia Trifogli wrote two articles on topics of medieval metaphysics and theory of cognition. She gave invited talks at conferences in Leuven, Paris, and Bonn. She made good progress with her edition of texts about cognition by the fourteenth-century philosopher Thomas Wylton and was able to submit a full proposal for publication in the British Academy Series Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi, which was accepted. She continued to serve as Chairman of the British Academy Medieval Texts Editorial Committee.

Andrew Wilson continued to work on the archaeology and economy of the Roman Empire. He co-directs (with A. Bowman) the Oxford Roman Economy Project, (with C. Howgego) the Coin Hoards of the Roman Empire Project, and a project on Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa. He published Coin Hoards and Hoarding in the Roman World (edited with J. Mairat and Howgego), finalised the proofs of an edited volume (with T. Brughmans) on Simulating Roman Economies: Theories, Methods, and Computational Models and, with collaborators, completed the text of a volume on his excavations at Aphrodisias in Turkey.

Peter Wilson continued to lead the European Research Council funded European Fiscal-Military System 1530-1870 project for which he published two chapters and completed another two to be published open access. Other work completed included a major study, Iron and Blood: A Military History of the German-speaking Peoples since 1500 (Penguin/Harvard University Press plus Chinese, German, and Spanish translations) which will appear in October 2022, two articles and three chapters, all from other projects. Other outputs included various conference papers and podcasts.

Examination Fellows

David Addison successfully defended his DPhil. thesis, Layperson, ascetic, and cleric in Iberian Christianity, c. 500-711 by viva voce in September. He has since begun to revise it into a monograph, which has received provisional acceptance from Oxford University Press. He delivered papers on Valerius of Bierzo and Isidore of Seville at research seminars in Oxford and was an invited speaker at a conference of the RomanIslam Centre, University of Hamburg. He taught late antique and medieval history to students at undergraduate and post-graduate level and served on the History Faculty’s Prelims Exam Board.

Katherine Backler was appointed Departmental Lecturer in Ancient Greek History for the Faculty of Classics. She gave tutorials, classes, and lectures on various topics in ancient history. She began work on the introduction and notes to a new translation of Lysias by Martin Hammond, which will be published in the Oxford World’s Classics series and started preparing her doctoral dissertation for publication as a monograph.

Sarah Bufkin completed an article on the 1981 Northern Irish hunger strikes and began work on a monograph on Frantz Fanon’s sociogenic method to antiracist critique. She gave a paper to the Essex Philosophy Seminar, lectured on Durkheim, and ran a full calendar of Critical Theory seminar events. Sarah continued to teach political theory for The Queen’s College, Oxford. In September, she will begin as an Assistant Professor in political theory at the University of Birmingham.

Jane Cooper applied to and was accepted onto the DPhil. course in English. Making use of digital and physical archives in Oxford, she has begun working towards her thesis, provisionally entitled Classical and early modern atomism and the poetic Sublime, 1660-1740. She delivered two online lecture series on early modern poetry and religion for a new adult learning platform founded by academics working in Oxford, called ‘Paideia’. She has written book reviews for publications including The TLS. 

Alexander Georgiou continued his doctoral research which explores the justification for, and content of, private law remedies. He also published a paper on the grounds of the moral duty to return mistaken payments, as well as case notes on the meaning of ‘enrichment’ in the law of unjust enrichment, the limitation period applicable to claims for unjust enrichment, and the nature of the claim for knowing receipt of trust rights. He is currently writing a paper on penalty clauses in contract law and co-authoring a paper on the public interest in private law remedies.

Claire Hall began work on her second book, which is about future-prediction in the later Greek world. She continued to lecture on Ancient Greek Science and Religion and wrote for the LRB blog. In May 2022 she began a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship in the Classics and Ancient History Department at Durham University.

Maya Krishnan completed her DPhil. thesis on Kant and related issues in contemporary epistemology. She presented conference papers regarding both her historical work on Kant’s theology and her contemporary work on criticisms of appeals to ideal reasoners within contemporary epistemology. She delivered a lecture course on Kant’s aesthetics and was a tutorial instructor in feminist theory.

Tess Little has been working towards publication of her DPhil. research, which explored the 1970s women’s liberation movement in the United Kingdom, United States, and France in transnational perspective. Alongside this, she studied for the University of East Anglia’s MA in Prose Fiction, which included working on her next novel.

Damian Maher has spent much of the last year researching how literature helps, or hinders, us from leading a good life. His PhD focuses on the reception of Henry James amid twentieth- and twenty-first-century philosophers. In particular, he has written a chapter on the importance of love and vision in Iris Murdoch’s writings and is writing another on the challenges of acknowledging another in the philosophy of Stanley Cavell.

John Merrington continued his doctoral research on the concept of the five senses in early medieval thought. He presented papers on this topic at the International Congress on Medieval Studies (Western Michigan University) and at the inaugural conference of the Society for the Study of Medieval Emotions (St Andrews). He taught undergraduates in early medieval British History, early medieval European and World History, Historiography, and Latin for Historians. 

Fitzroy Morrissey’s A Short History of Islamic Thought (Head of Zeus/OUP) came out in October. He subsequently spoke about the book in various settings. He edited a special issue of the Journal of Modern Jewish Studies on Samuel Miklos Stern (published November 2021). The seminar series on Islam and Christianity, which he leads with Michael Nazir-Ali, continued to run. He and Ron Nettler completed an article on Mohamed Talbi’s treatment of Ibn Khaldūn; he wrote a chapter on the Sufi Jesus for a volume on Jesus in Islam; taught Arabic to undergraduates and a paper on Ibn ʿArabī to post-graduates. 

Lucas Tse completed the second year of the DPhil. in Economic and Social History, including the Transfer of Status submission and viva. He completed archival fieldwork in four countries, as well as a number of digital collections. In addition to the doctoral research, he undertook teaching in lecture, seminar and tutorial formats.

Andrew Wynn Owen taught Final Honours School Paper 5 (1760 – 1830) to students from Merton College, Prelims Paper 3 (1830 – 1910) and Paper 4 (1910 – present day) to students from Christ Church, and various dissertation topics to students from Magdalen and Somerville. He has finished a new book, due to be published by Carcanet Press in 2023.

Post-Doctoral Fellows

Ross Anderson continued to research the early evolution of the Earth’s complex life. He discovered new algal fossils ca. 870 million years old in Svalbard, began work to understand how ancient nervous tissues are preserved, and has continued work on exceptional fossil preservation more broadly. He submitted major grant proposals to the ERC and Royal Society, and gave talks at the Geological Society of America and Palaeontological Association annual meetings, as well as at Texas A&M, UCL, and to the Virtual Seminar in Precambrian Geology. He has taught introductory palaeontology and mentored MSci and DPhil students.

Rachel Bryan completed her first monograph and published articles in The Henry James Review and Essays in Criticism. She gave a talk at Oxford, supervised undergraduate dissertations on modern American literature, taught courses on ‘Literature after 1950’ and ‘Virginia Woolf’, delivered a Faculty lecture series, and co-convened a Paper 6 FHS option on ‘Writers and the Cinema’. She is currently working on an edition of The Other House (to be co-edited with Greg Zacharias) for CUP’s Complete Fiction of Henry James and has begun a new book project on the literary representation of post-war guilt. 

Alexandros Hollender continued his work on the complexity of total search problems. In joint work, he obtained new inapproximability results for the computation of Nash equilibria and published papers at the leading conferences in the field, namely STOC and FOCS. He co-organised a workshop and a tutorial, was on the programme committee for four conferences, and gave (virtual) talks at the IAS, UT Austin and at the LMS CS colloquium, among others. His doctoral dissertation, completed just before joining the college, was awarded the EATCS Distinguished Dissertation Award in July, and some of the work was featured in Quanta Magazine.

Rustam Jamilov has written two new papers: Social Capital and Monetary Policy and HBANK: Monetary Policy with Heterogeneous Banks (with Marco Bellifemine and Tommaso Monacelli). He is currently revising two of his other papers for publication in top economics journals, and working on several new projects. He has continued his research collaborations with economists at policy institutions such as the Bank of England and Norges Bank. He has presented his work at numerous seminars and conferences across the United Kingdom, United States, and Europe.

Alison John worked on her monograph on classical education in late antique Gaul. She completed a book chapter, ‘Bilingualism in the Literary Circles of Gaul’ for an edited volume; presented a chapter of her monograph at the Oxford Late Roman Seminar, and gave a paper entitled Bilingual poetry in Late Antiquity, at the Edinburgh Classics Research Seminar and the Ghent/Leuven Texts and Transmission Seminar, and is now revising it for publication. In July she organised and hosted a conference in Oxford, where she gave a paper on bilingual epigraphy and new approaches to Greek-Latin bilingualism in the late antique West.

Dmitri Levitin published his Kingdom of Darkness (2022, CUP). He then worked on a trade monograph for Penguin on The Structure of Intellectual Revolutions: Transforming the Humanities and the Sciences from the Mesopotamians to the Age of Newton. In 2022–23, he is the Visiting Professor in the Rogers Research Institute at Caltech and the Huntington Library. He also continues to publish non-academic writing on the history of knowledge.

Lisa Lodwick (dec.) continued her work on agricultural practices in Iron Age Roman Europe. She attended workshops in Basel and Cambridge, as well as the International Workgroup for Paleoethnobotany in České Budějovice, Czechia. She has also been involved in a field project at Tharros, Sardinia. She published an article in the American Journal of Archaeology assessing the state of the discipline of archaeobotany in classical archaeology. She has a forthcoming paper in European Journal of Archaeology on Iron Age Roman crop isotopes, and a forthcoming chapter in the book, New Perspectives on the Medieval ‘Agricultural Revolution’: Crop, Stock and Furrow (Liverpool University Press).

Jasmine Nirody continued her research on motility through complex environments. She published an article on tardigrade walking mechanics in PNAS and an article on quantifying microstructure in fossils in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. She is currently finishing up several manuscripts on various biological systems, including an invited article in the Journal of Experimental Biology. She has given invited talks at the American Physical Society’s Annual March Meeting, and the Northeast Complex Fluids Workshop and invited seminars at the University of Chicago, University of Washington, Northwestern, University of Cologne, UIUC, Columbia, Duke, and Brown.

Kyle Pratt put out preprints titled Weighted central limit theorems for central values of L-functions (joint with H. M. Bui, N. Evans, and S. Lester), Power savings for counting solutions to polynomial-factorial equations (joint with H. M. Bui and A. Zaharescu), and Half-isolated zeros and zero-density estimates (joint with J. Maynard). He was an invited speaker at the ‘50 Years of Number Theory and Random Matrix Theory Conference’ held at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, USA, where he spoke on his joint work with Maynard.

Chris Scambler has been working on questions related to possibility and existence, both within the philosophy of mathematics and in metaphysics more broadly. He has begun a book project arguing that if one allows mathematical objects to be merely possible existents, one can defend the Fregean idea that mathematics reduces to logic and definitions. He is also working on research articles about the relation between contingent existence and possible worlds semantics, about the question of whether mathematical objects exist of necessity if at all, and about how tools in modal logic might inform debate in the foundations of set theory. 

Srikanth Toppaladoddi has published a paper on the effects of shear, rotation, and buoyancy on phase-changing boundaries in three dimensions, and has also completed two projects: a stochastic theory of sea ice motion; and a new boundary condition for the thickness distribution of sea ice in summer. He co-supervised the research of an M.Phys. student, and continues to co-supervise a DPhil. student in Oxford Physics. He taught a course on advanced numerical methods to DPhil. students and also tutored an undergraduate class. He also gave invited talks at Bristol and Leeds.

Karolina Watroba’s first book, Mann’s Magic Mountain: World Literature and Closer Reading, will be out with Oxford University Press in September. She started work on two new books: World Literature in Weimar Germany: Texts, Authors, Institutions, and Metamorphoses: In Search of Franz Kafka, which is under contract with Profile. She also saw several articles through to publication, co-edited a forthcoming journal special issue, and presented at six international conferences. In addition, she completed a PGCert in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, taught a range of undergraduate and post-graduate classes, and began supervising her first DPhil. student.

Anne-Margret Wolf has been working on two journal articles on counter-revolutionary movements in the Arab world, which are currently under review. She is also organising a conference on how to study contingency in revolutionary situations, which will take place in September. Wolf is editing the first Oxford Handbook of Authoritarian Politics and has taught a course on ‘Authoritarian Politics in the Middle East and North Africa’.

Takato Yoshimura published a review paper on generalised hydrodynamics and has completed a project that initiated a novel hydrodynamic large deviation theory for ballistic many-body systems. In a new project, he explored some aspects of operator spreading by studying the spectral statistics of the system. He was invited to give talks at several workshops.

Other Fellows

Clare Bucknell completed her book on the social history of poetry anthologies, The Treasuries, due to be published by Head of Zeus in February 2023. She wrote reviews and profiles for the London Review of Books, The New Yorker, The New York Review of Books, WSJ Magazine and Apollo. She contributed a chapter on Swift’s satire to the forthcoming CUP Jonathan Swift in Context.

Rima Dapous is the current Domestic Bursar and Academic Administrator.

John Drury has now finished his guide to the chapel and it is ready for design and the press. It looks at the ideological and aesthetic aspirations and conflicts as reflected in features of the Chapel which survive today, and covers four critical times in English history: the rich medieval church of the founder, the iconoclastic reaction against it at the reformation, the triumphalism of monarchy restored after the interregnum and its baroque classicism, finally the historicism of Scott’s Victorian restoration.

Simon Green continued to work on volume 2 of the College History (to be written with Robin Darwall-Smith) and volume 3 of the College History (sole author). He prepared two articles on Hensley Henson (ASC, 1884-1891 and 1896-1902) for publication in scholarly journals. He is also preparing the first critical and unexpurgated edition of The Diaries of Dean Inge, 1888-1952.

Launcelot Henderson continued to fulfil his duties as a Lord Justice of Appeal, sitting in the Civil Division of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, until he reached the statutory retirement age of 70 in force in November 2021. Since then, he has returned to sit on a part-time basis as a retired member of the Court.
Peregrine Horden worked on the early history of the College to 1688. He published a collection of essays, co-edited with Robin Darwall-Smith, The Unloved Century: Georgian Oxford Reassessed (Oxford University Press). He also edited a collection of College memorial addresses covering the period 1990-2020 and wrote and published articles on aspects of Mediterranean environmental history and on the history of medieval medicine and charity.

Alex Mullen is an Associate Professor in Classics at the University of Nottingham, PI of the ERC project, LatinNow, Co-I of a SSHRC project on the Vindolanda tablets, and sociolinguistics expert on French and Spanish projects. She completed Phase 1 of a new project Roman Inscriptions of Britain in Schools; delivered manuscripts for three research volumes to Oxford University Press, guest lectures in Oxford, and invited talks. She supervised doctoral students; served as an editor of The Journal of Roman Studies; worked on unpublished epigraphy; managed the production of Open Access digital resources and was elected Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.

Philipp Nothaft completed two books: Graeco-Arabic Astronomy for Twelfth-Century Latin Readers (2023, Leiden: Brill) and The Cistercian Hermann Zoest’s Treatise on Leavened and Unleavened Bread (with Christ Schabel; Leuven: Peeters 2022). He also saw through publication the forthcoming A Fourteenth-Century Chronologer and Critic of Astrology (OUP 2022). Among his publications were four journal articles and two book chapters. He taught courses at graduate and undergraduate levels and delivered six presentations at various conferences and online workshops.

David Pannick continued in practice at the Bar, specialising in constitutional and administrative law. He also continued his work as a Crossbench member of the House of Lords. He delivered the Hamlyn Lectures 2021 on Advocacy in London, Cardiff and Oxford. He has been preparing the lectures for publication in 2023. He gave other lectures and contributed to seminars on legal topics.

Erik Panzer continued the collaboration with Marko Berghoff on relative Picard-Lefschetz theory and the hierarchy principle for Feynman integrals. Erik also discovered a new combinatorial invariant of Feynman periods, based on the Martin polynomial, which unifies the permanent and c2-invariant. Furthermore, together with Francis Brown and Simone Hu, he generalised canonical integrals to the odd commutative graph complex.

John Redwood continued to write daily analyses of economic and political subjects for his website He produced a booklet on the Green revolution, examining when and how the electrical revolution could become more popular with technologies and products that a majority wished to buy. He gave a lecture on how Central Banks are not independent and provided a critique of Central Banking Quantitative easing policies post pandemic. He is currently working on the best policy mix to tackle the twin problems of high inflation and possible recession now stalking the main economies and markets.

Justin Stover has continued his work on the manuscript transmission of the Latin classics. His collaboration with George Woudhuysen has a resulted in a series of studies: ‘Jordanes and the Date of the Epitome de Caesaribus’ and ‘Historiarum Libri Quinque: Hegesippus between Josephus and Sallust’ in Histos and ‘The Poet Nemesianus and the Historia Augusta’ in the Journal of Roman Studies. He has had essays appear on Apuleius and early modern attempts to recover the scope of ancient literature.

Among his various activities Lord Waldegrave continues as Chancellor of Reading University, Provost of Eton College, and serves as a member of the President of the Royal Society’s Advisory Committee.

Marina Warner’s Inventory of a Life Mislaid: An Unreliable Memoir was published in US by New York Review Books under the title, Esmond & Ilia; it also appeared in UK in paperback. She wrote two book-length essays, one on the pioneering artist Helen Chadwick, who died in l996, for the Afterall series One Artist, One Work (September 2022), and Temporale, about timekeeping and the lockdown for the Cahiers series of the American University in Paris (December 2022). Her work on a book about Sanctuary and related workshops for the project Stories in Transit continues. 

Frederick Wilmot-Smith continued to practice as a barrister at Brick Court Chambers in London. He presented his academic research at various academic events, continued to work on academic papers for publication, and published an essay in the London Review of Books.

George Woudhuysen is an Assistant Professor in Roman History at the University of Nottingham. A list of recent publications and activities can be found here.

Honorary and Emeritus Fellows

Andrew Ashworth is engaged on three projects. With financial assistance from the College he has employed assistants to undertake research into ‘failure to rescue’ offences in Germany and Italy, with a view to revisiting the case for such an offence in English law. He is also writing on actus reus in criminal law, and on the problems of sentencing for offences against non-existent victims (as where an online offender believes he is contacting a child for sexual purposes when in fact the ‘child’ is a police officer).

Margaret Bent continues to run an online seminar series on medieval and renaissance music, with global attendances of 200. She has given invited papers at international conferences, online in Turin and Uppsala, and in person in Leuven and Oslo. Fragments of English Polyphonic Music c. 1390–1475: A Facsimile Edition, Early English Church Music, vol. 62, was published (with Andrew Wathey) in 2022. Principles of mensuration and coloration: virtuosity and anomalies in the Old Hall manuscript, despite a publication date of 2021, is due out imminently. A major book on medieval motets will be published by OUP in 2023.

Paul Brand continued work on his edition of the manuscript law reports of the second half of the reign of Edward I for publication by the Selden Society, checking his transcription of the individual reports and the official records of the cases (where they can be identified) and his draft translation, and working on a critical apparatus for these reports. These are a major source of information on the working and development of the English common law in this period and only a small proportion have ever been edited before in a late nineteenth-century edition in the Rolls Series. 

Robin Briggs has continued to work on his general history of North-Western Europe, covering an immense time span; he has now reached the period of the French Revolution, as the complexity of the subject continues to increase exponentially.

John Cardy continued to work in theoretical physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He wrote, and had accepted for publication, a mathematical paper on extensions of modular forms which arose out of his research on nonlocal generalisations of quantum field theory. Currently he is writing a chapter for a book to honour the work and ongoing influence of Michael E. Fisher, FRS, recently deceased.

Vincent Crawford continued work on nonparametric estimation of behavioural models of consumer behaviour, and started new work on studying the cognitive processes that underlie Nash equilibrium by analysing experimental subjects’ searches for hidden information about the games they are playing. He gave a plenary lecture at the 32nd Stony Brook International Conference on Game Theory. He continued to serve as editor of Games and Economic Behavior and the Journal of Mechanism and Institution Design; and on the boards of other journals. He also served as a trustee of the Sanjaya Lall Memorial Foundation. 

Guy Goodwin-Gill left the University of New South Wales/Kaldor Centre for International Refugee Law in December 2021, after four and a half years. While there, he saw through publication of the fourth edition of The Refugee in International Law (OUP, 2021), and contributed, among others, to the Berkeley Journal of International Law. He also provided an introduction to the UK–Rwanda Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for the American Society of International Law, he provided an expert opinion on the MOU’s legal implications for an asylum seeker threatened with removal to Rwanda, and he commented on various aspects of refugees and statelessness.

Christopher Hood published his 2021 American Political Science Association John Gaus Award Lecture ‘Public Administration and the War Against Covid’ in PS: Political Science and Politics ((55 (3): 470-77) and worked on completing a book for Oxford University Press on UK public expenditure control 1993-2015, based on a 5-year Nuffield Foundation project of which he was Principal Investigator. 

Jane Humphries works on living standards and the integration of gender into economic history. Papers appeared in Economic History Review, Economic History of Developing Regions, and edited collections. She gave an online lecture series at Universidad de la República, Uruguay, a public lecture at Newnham College, seminars at Pompeu Fabra, Durham, and York, and papers at the Economic History Society Conference, Work and Freedom Conference, and the World Economic History Conference. She spoke at the celebration of Women’s History in Oxford. She received an Honorary Degree from Helsinki University. She is the incoming President of the (US-based) Economic History Association.

Ian Maclean continued his work on intellectual and book history in the early modern period. The Worlds of Knowledge and the Classical Tradition in the Early Modern Age, co-edited with Dmitri Levitin, has appeared, as well as contributions to collections of papers on early modern social hierarchy and Sacrobosco’s reception in the early modern period. He delivered papers (virtually) at conferences in Innsbruck (on Bacon), Venice (on Cardano) and Paris (on his book: Interpretation and Meaning in the Renaissance: the case of law). He served on various editorial boards and international review bodies. Two other articles were accepted for publication.

James Malcomson has continued research on relational contracts: ongoing relationships in which not all details are fully specified in a legally enforceable way. (Standard examples are employment, commercial supply relationships and purchase of services.) This year, he has focused on the tendering process for future supply when the current supplier’s contract ends and shown that, under broad circumstances, it is optimal for the purchaser to favour the current supplier to some extent even if it does not submit the lowest bid. He presented this research at the Theory and Applications of Contracts Conference at Imperial College Business School in June/July.

Avner Offer. Several years’ work have come to fruition in a book, Understanding the Private-Public Divide (CUP), and a companion piece, ‘Railways as Patient Capital’, in the Oxford Review of Economic Policy. A paper written jointly with Ofer Lahav, a former Visiting Fellow, on ‘The Social Value of Dark Energy’, is currently close to submission. He has also ventured into an area he has not yet explored, with a study in progress of the interaction between photography and painting, mostly in the nineteenth century. 

David Parkin continues work in the general field of multi-modal and sensory communication, with special reference to East Africa and China. A recent publication, co-written with K. Xiao, is ‘Audible Taste: Inter-sensoria in contemporary Chinese tea events’. Journal of National Arts, 2022 vol. 164, No.1. 80-89. Exploring the concept of ‘tsi’ (land) among Giriama of Kenya is leading to an examination of their sacred forest as the site over time of practical and religious activity. This fusion of time and space is the theme of a current paper on Blommaert’s use of the Bakhtinian concept of ‘chronotope’ in contexts of communication.

Peter Pulzer was pleased to be able to take part (courtesy of Zoom), in the launch of Jews, Liberalism and Antisemitism: A Global History (eds. Abigail Green & Simon L. Sullam), which the editors most generously dedicated to him. 

Nicholas Rodger has continued to work on the third volume of his Naval History of Britain, much delayed by his illness but now advancing steadily.
Dan Segal continues to work on some model-theoretic aspects of group theory, following up on conjectures in two recent papers on axiomatisability of profinite groups: these appeared last year in PLMS and JEMS. He also returns periodically to a long-standing problem on groups of finite upper rank, whose solution remains elusive. He was delighted to participate in person at a conference in Levico Terme, as well as contributing to several Zoom meetings around the world.

Graeme Segal has been working on several projects. Some arise out of his paper with Kontsevich on the axiomatisation of quantum field theory published last year, e.g. to elaborate the notion of a local field operator in the new picture, and find, for theories defined on flat space-time, what additional assumptions are needed to ensure that the new axioms imply the traditional Wightman axioms. In a different direction, he has been writing an account of the history and applications of the smooth homotopy category, expanding material in his Kan Memorial Lectures of 2018.

In the past year Boudewijn Sirks has been a Heinz-Heinen-Fellow at the BCDSS in Bonn and has delivered papers in connection with this centre, which ultimately will be published. His book on the colonate in the Roman empire will be published soon; another book is presently in review with the same publisher. Publications in the past year are on his Faculty website.

Stephen Smith is editing a manuscript on religion during the Mao-era and has published three articles: ‘The Third Armed Uprising and the Shanghai Massacre, 1927’; ‘Gods, Ghosts and Workers: “Feudal Superstition” and the Socialist Education Movement, 1963-66’, both in Ivan Franceschini and Christian Sorace (eds.), Proletarian China (Verso, 2022); plus one on recent historiography of the Russian Revolution (邹芙都, 赵国状 eds.), 西部史学 (Chongqing, 2021). He gave an interview, ‘Penser les cultures des classes populaires au prisme de l’histoire sociale des communismes’, for the journal Biens Symboliques. Two students have submitted theses. 

Eva Margareta Steinby. The edition of brick stamps from Central Italy, Bolli doliari romani dell’Italia centro-occidentale (address is a lifelong project, continuously in need of revision and updates. In the past year, particular attention has been paid to archaeometric analysis whose results at times contradict conclusions based on text and prosopography.

In the first half of the year, Hew Strachan completed two pieces on Michael Howard, former Fellow and later Honorary Fellow of the College, but since 24 February 2022 the war in Ukraine has taken most of his time. The engagement between the academic community and the Ministry of Defence and the Foreign Commonwealth and Development Office has been closer than he has ever previously encountered. As a result, the completion of his book on The Nature of War has been delayed.

Michel Teper has continued his research on quantum field theories using lattice field theory techniques. He revised his paper (arXiv:2106.00364) on various physical properties of SU(N) gauge theories and this has now been published. He also produced a paper on topology (arXiv:2202.02528), as well as a paper that provides a status report on calculations of the effective string action for confining flux tubes (arXiv:2112.11213). He gave (virtual) invited talks at several meetings and is part of the recently funded ‘Simons Collaboration on Confinement and QCD Strings’.

Keith Thomas continues to work on a collection of his essays. During the year he has published appreciations of the works of his fellow-historians, Sir Brian Harrison and the late Sir John Elliott, and contributed articles on historical subjects to The New York Review of Books, the London Review of Books and The Times Literary Supplement.

Chris Wickham finished his book on the Mediterranean economy in the central middle ages, The Donkey and the Boat, which is in production with OUP. He gave keynote lectures in Matera and Nijmegen, and other lectures in Norwich, Vienna, Brussels, Almería, Córdoba and Milan, plus TV work in Paris. He is now working on communal government in Italy in the later twelfth century.

Andrew Wilkinson, co-chairs the UK Neonatal Research Database Board. Data of all babies admitted for Intensive Care forms the basis available to researchers. Collaboration with NHS England continues. The UK Guideline for Screening and Treatment of Blinding Retinopathy of Prematurity (4th edition – co-chair) has been published at www.rcpch.rop with evidence-based recommendations, a summary and information for parents. He chairs NIHR Data Monitoring Committees of randomised controlled trials, investigating an antibiotic (enrolment complete), and an artificial surfactant, in reducing chronic lung disease in preterm infants. He is the medical trustee of the Oxford Children’s Hospice – Helen & Douglas House. 

Visiting Fellows (Terms in residence and parent academic institution)

Carla Bagnoli (Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Philosophy) focused on a set of challenges posed by the temporality of human agency. She wrote two essays arguing that a non-standard constructivist theory of practical reason offers a promising approach to this set of problems. One of them, titled ‘Hard Times: self-governance, freedom to change, and normative adjustment’, appeared in her edited volume Time in Action (Routledge, 2022). She also finalised a short monograph Ethical Constructivism (Cambridge University Press, 2022), and gave talks at King’s College London and at the Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne.

Gary Bass (Michaelmas Term, Princeton University, Politics and International Affairs) worked on his book about the Tokyo war crimes tribunal in the aftermath of World War II. The manuscript considers the politics, history, and law of the Allied trial of Imperial Japanese leaders as a panorama of the making of modern Asia.

Silvia Bigliazzi (Trinity Term, Università di Verona, English Literature) completed the transcription and annotation of George Gascoigne and Francis Kinwelmershe’s Jocasta (pr. 1573) for a parallel edition aligning this text with Italian, Latin and Greek sources, to appear in a nationally funded online archive. She completed a chapter on this topic for a book on receptions of Latin and Greek chorus in early modern English Drama and will deliver a plenary lecture on this at the ISC, Stratford-upon-Avon (20-22 July 2022). At All Souls, she delivered a VF Colloquium on ‘Classical Drama and Early Modern Theatre: the Case of Jocasta’.

David O. Brink (Trinity Term, University of California, San Diego, Philosophy) worked on seven essays — ‘What Is Special About Juvenile Justice’, ‘Two Conceptions of Rights’, ‘Perfect Freedom: A Comparative Study’, a review of John Skorupski’s Being and Freedom: On Late Modern Ethics in Europe (OUP), ‘Liberal and Republican Freedom’, ‘A Complete Good’, and ‘Can Virtue Be Its Own Reward?’ Four of these essays are connected with his book Self & Others (under contract with OUP). He made presentations at the Oxford Moral Philosophy Seminar and the Cambridge Forum for Legal and Political Philosophy.

Alice Crary (Michaelmas, Hilary and Trinity Terms, New School for Social Research, Philosophy) completed several projects in social philosophy, co-authoring Animal Crisis: A New Critical Theory (Polity 2022), co-editing The Good It Promises, the Harm It Does: Critical Essays on Effective Altruism (Oxford 2023), co-editing a 2021 special issue of Philosophical Topics on ‘Social Visibility’, and finishing three chapters of her upcoming book Radical Animal. She also co-edited Stanley Cavell’s Here and There: Sites of Philosophy (Harvard 2022), wrote two articles for the Boston Review, and gave keynotes and lectures via Zoom in Europe, the US and UK.

Anne Duffy (Michaelmas Term, Queen’s University, Canada, Psychiatry) worked on new student well-being research and research focused on children at familial risk of severe mental illness. She translated the findings into several high impact publications and funded grants, including an MRC proposal involving six UK universities. This body of work will provide important insights into the well-being of students and high-risk children in Canada and the UK, evaluate the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, and inform development of novel universal and targeted initiatives to support youth mental health across the spectrum of need and diverse groups. 

Paul Du Plessis (Michaelmas, Hilary and Trinity Terms, University of Edinburgh, Law) worked on a monograph regarding the Victorian jurist, Henry Sumner Maine, and his use of Roman law in writing Ancient Law (1861). He became interested in this topic following his earlier work on the teaching of Roman law in the United Kingdom. He completed all the primary and secondary research required for this project. He has begun to write up the research, he has completed one chapter, and will finish another over the summer. He also served as convenor of the Visiting Fellows Colloquium.

Roy Flechner (Michaelmas Term, University College Dublin, Ireland, History) made substantial progress on research investigating the use of non-standard versions of the Bible in early medieval legal texts. He presented three papers: at Oxford’s History Faculty’s Medieval Seminar, at a seminar of the Department of Anglo-Saxon Norse and Celtic at Cambridge, and at Oxford’s Medieval Church and Culture Seminar. He has since presented another paper based on this research at the International Congress on Medieval Studies at Kalamzoo (MI) and at the International Medieval Congress in Leeds. The work culminated in an article, now under review.

Obari Gomba (Michaelmas Term, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, Literature) was the TORCH Global South Visiting Professor in 2021. His activities included a talk entitled To Stop Human Maternity for at least Fifty Years: A Modest Proposal, a paper on Colonial Niger Delta and Intra-Regional Conflict in Selected Nigerian Plays, TORCH’s “Eyes of Africa” event where he read from The Lilt of the Rebel, and participation in the Southern Lives Workshop. He also worked on a manuscript, Free Troubles: A Writer’s Eyes on the World, for publication. 

Michael Kremer (Michaelmas, Hilary and Trinity Terms, University of Chicago, Philosophy) conducted archival research on the life and philosophical work of Gilbert Ryle (1900-76), at the University Archives, the Bodleian, Oxford colleges, Cambridge University, UCL, LSE, Reading, Kingston, the BBC, the British Library, and Brighton College. He completed articles on Ryle in relation to Heidegger and Frege, and wrote an article on Ryle’s epistemology. He began joint work with Former Visiting Fellow Cheryl Misak on correspondence of the philosopher Margaret MacDonald (1903-56), published a book review, and presented his work on Ryle and on MacDonald at seven conferences and colloquia.

James Manyika (Michaelmas Term, McKinsey Global Institute, Artificial Intelligence) worked on several Artificial Intelligence related matters: he edited the special edition of Daedalus (Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences) on AI and Society. He researched aspects of ‘AI 2050’, his project on the key issues to get right about AI, which has since been launched as a philanthropic initiative to support researchers, and he continued his work on the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine’s Committee on Responsible Computing Research.

Christine Sypnowich (Trinity Term, Queen’s University, Canada, Philosophy) worked on her manuscript on former Chichele Chair of Political and Social Theory, G.A. Cohen, exploring the paradoxes in his political philosophy. She conducted research and interviews in Oxford and London, wrote some new material, and revised earlier drafts. She also started to explore the Codrington legacy for another research project, ‘Toppling Monuments’. She was the keynote speaker at a day-long workshop on the draft manuscript for the Cohen book at Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona, gave a Ralph Miliband lecture at LSE, as well as talks at Warwick and Utrecht universities. 

Anita Traninger (Hilary and Trinity Terms, Freie Universität Berlin, Literary Studies) worked on early modern uses of persona as part of a book project on genres and formats that aimed at distancing author and argument, thus allowing for a – however limited and circumscribed – freedom of expression. In addition, she completed the first draft of a volume to be called Erasmian Keywords, which recasts some of her work on Erasmus for an English readership.