Annual Report Summary 31 July 2017
Besides his duties as Warden, John Vickers worked further on the economics of banking reform and made a submission to the Treasury Committee on capital requirements. He co-founded and chairs a working group on the implications of Brexit for competition law and policy. His paper with Mark Armstrong on the theory of multi-product pricing was accepted by the Journal of Political Economy. During the year he made short visits to Columbia, Princeton and Stanford. He continues to chair the Finance Committee of OUP.
Senior Research Fellows
Susanne Bobzien is working on a book on the structure of vagueness and higher-order vagueness and another one on the history of post-Aristotelian propositional logic. She has authored a paper on Keefe’s Modelling Higher-Order Vagueness and gave the 2017 Jacobson Lecture (on semantic paradoxes and Gestalt shifts) in London and an invited paper to the St Andrew’s History and Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics Seminar on Gentzen and the Stoics.
Francis Brown works on algebraic geometry and number theory with applications to high-energy physics. He continued to develop a theory of a cosmic Galois group of symmetries acting on the constants in perturbative quantum field theory and also a theory of mixed modular motives. He wrote a paper on integral points on algebraic curves and is currently writing a series of papers introducing a new theory of 'mixed' modular forms, with applications to string theory in particular. He gave lectures in South Korea, Switzerland, Germany and the UK on these topics.
Colin Burrow has published articles on Shakespeare and his sources, and on Shakespeare’s Sonnets. He has continued work on 'Imitation: a Literary History' and on 'A History of Elizabethan Literature' for the Oxford English Literary History (of which he is one of the general editors). He has completed a substantial part of the work for an edition of the poems for the Oxford Edition of the Works of John Marston. He has acted as early modern editor of Review of English Studies, and has reviewed regularly for the London Review of Books.
Andrew Burrows completed (together with Professor Adrian Briggs) the first ever book on The Law of Contract in Myanmar. On a trip to Myanmar in March 2017, he gave talks about the book in Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw. He has been working on statute law in preparation for his Hamlyn Lectures in autumn 2017. He gave a public lecture in Belfast and two in London on Interpretation and Illegality and conference papers in London and Oxford on Unjust Enrichment and Illegality. He is the immediate Past-President of the Society of Legal Scholars (2016-17).
Cécile Fabre's book, Cosmopolitan Peace, came out with OUP in 2016 - which completes her eight year long project on the ethics of war and peace. She has spent most of the year working on the first phase of her current project - a book typescript on the ethics of economic statecraft - finishing off an article on the privatisation of the use of force and preparing for phase two of the project - probably a book too - on the ethics of intelligence gathering and foreign policy. She went on a trip to Harvard and taught weekly graduate classes and seminars.
Paul Fendley continued his research on condensed matter and mathematical physics, focussing in particular on quantum matter with strong interactions. One current theme is developing mathematical tools to show that quantum computation is possible away from ultra-low temperatures; another is probing the origins of integrability, i.e. why in special many-body systems exact computations are possible. He gave invited talks at conferences/workshops in Santa Barbara, Benasque, Ghent, Cambridge and at the Royal Society.
John Gardner completed his book From Personal Life to Private Law, forthcoming with OUP. In the first half of the academic year, he wrote and delivered the inaugural Diversa Lectures in São Paulo, on the subject 'Discrimination, Disadvantage, and Diversity'. These lectures, also used as the basis of an Oxford seminar, will ultimately be developed into a book. Other projects included the completion of two essays on sexual ethics, and the drafting of new papers on employment contracts, the self-defence/punishment contrast, and the role of autonomy in tort law. He lectured in Lucerne and Oslo as well as São Paolo.
Cecilia Heyes finished her book Cognitive Gadgets: The Cultural Evolution of Thinking (Harvard UP, out in spring 2018) proposing that distinctively human cognitive processes are, like artefacts and social practices, products of cultural rather than genetic evolution. She also published two articles on the relationship between cognitive science and cultural evolutionary theory; began a collaborative experimental project on imitation in infancy; wrote an essay review on reasoning for the Times Literary Supplement; and gave invited lectures in Cambridge, Canberra, Oxford, Santa Barbara, and Sydney.
Neil Kenny published a co-edited volume (Montaigne in Transit: Essays in Honour of Ian Maclean, Oxford, Legenda, December 2016), a Dictionary of National Biography entry, an article and a contribution to History Review. He brought to near-completion a book manuscript on literary families and social hierarchy in early modern France and gave talks on that project in Oxford and London. He presented in Lyon (and wrote up as an article) early research for a future project on the social dimension of the Montaigne’s reception. He edited and wrote a chapter for a Festschrift (for Stephen Bamforth) to appear in late 2017.
Angela McLean continued to work on the dynamics and evolution of infections. She co-authored a major review article on microbial evolution in The Lancet. She lectured for the Biological Sciences undergraduate degree and for the Science and Public Policy core module in the Master of Public Policy Course at the Blavatnik School of Government.
Noel Malcolm spent most of the year preparing and writing a book, based on the Carlyle Lectures which he gave in Oxford some years ago, on Islam and the Ottoman Empire in Western Political Thought, 1450-1750. This work also involved preparing some materials for a future book, differing from this in its contents, and based on the Trevelyan Lectures given in Cambridge in 2010, on 'Early Modern Europe’s Encounters with Islam'.
Catherine Morgan published a collected volume Interpreting the Seventh Century BC (co-edited with Xenia Charalambidou). She co-directed the final field season of the Kenchreai Quarries Survey, completed initial reading of the finds and co-authored a review article on the project (in press). She continued her research into the archaeology and history of the central Ionian islands (c. 800 BC-300 AD), completing two articles and drafting the first chapter of a book. She worked on the publication of Late Bronze Age-Late Roman Pottery from the University of Crete survey on Meganisi.
Nicholas Rodger continued work on the third volume of his Naval History of Britain, now written in draft almost up to the Second World War. During the year the four-volume Anglo-French collaboration The Sea in History, of which he edited the fourth volume, The Modern World (meaning the 19th and 20th centuries) was published.
Ian Rumfitt published five articles: on verificationist theories of meaning, on pragmatist theories of meaning, on the ascription of belief, on the Liar Paradox, and on the meaning of logical connectives. He finished and submitted for publication two further papers. The first advances a solution to Burali-Forti's Paradox of the greatest ordinal; the second develops Strawson’s elucidation of truth and shows how it subsumes the Partial Kripke-Feferman axiomatization. He delivered talks in England, Scotland, Germany and the US and gave two research seminars (Frege’s Philosophy of Mathematics in HT, 'Truth and Meaning' in TT) for the Oxford Philosophy Faculty.
Stephen Smith published Russia in Revolution: An Empire in Crisis, 1890 to 1928 (2017, OUP), also published in German and Italian. He co-edited (with Silvio Pons) and contributed to, The Cambridge History of Communism, vol.1: 'World Revolution and Socialism in One Country, 1917-1941', and contributed an essay on 'Communism and Religion' to volume three. The three volumes will appear in September 2017. He published 'China, Revolution, and Presentism' in Past and Present, February 2017. He continues work on the comparative history of popular religion in the Soviet Union and China. He gave invited lectures in Ann Arbor, Berlin, St Andrew’s and Durham.
Constantin Teleman studies topological gauge theory, locating some intriguing algebro-geometric objects within his program. Recent work has focused on a central application in symplectic geometry. He presented his results at the 2016 Clay Research workshop in Oxford; Columbia University; IAS, Princeton; IST, Vienna; the Newton Institute, Cambridge; and in a lecture series at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He started a term as Managing Editor of the Oxford-based Journal of Topology. He published a joint paper on 'Gromov-Witten Theory', gave a series of lectures on Topological Field Theory, and submitted a new paper on deformation theory.
Lucia Zedner joined the college in October 2016. She co-edited Changing Contours of Criminal Justice (OUP, December 2016) and published papers on criminalization, on citizenship deprivation, on convergence between criminal justice and security, on mass data retention, and safeguards against state coercion. She also wrote two papers on developments in counterterrorism law and another on policing public space. Her article 'Penal Subversions: when is a punishment not a punishment?' won Theoretical Criminology journal Best Article Prize for 2016. She gave lectures and papers in Oxford, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Brussels, Paris and Palermo and continues to serve on several editorial boards.
University Academic Fellows
Diwakar Acharya continued working on a critical edition of the Vāsudevakalpa and also the Saurasaṃhitā, the only surviving Tantra on sun worship. He continued reading the early Upaniṣads slowly and deeply and shedding new light on their genesis and other related issues. He also published a monograph in Nepali on the proto-history of Nepal. Recent Publications: 'The Meaning and Function Ādeśá in the Early Upaniṣads' Journal of Indian Philosophy 45.3, pp. 539-567 (2017) and 'Nīpajan ra Nepal: Nepalko choṭo ādya-itihās' (in Nepali), [The Nīpa People and Nepal: A Short Proto-history of Nepal] Kathmandu, Martin Chautari (2017).
Suzanne Aigrain continued to work on the discovery of exoplanets using the transit and radial velocity methods. With her group, she developed and published new tools to extract and correct light curves from the Kepler and K2 space mission, to measure the rotation periods of Sun-like stars and to robustly detect small exoplanets in the presence of stellar activity. She also started work on the preparation of the European Space Agency's PLATO mission, which is expected to launch in the mid 2020's.
Mark Armstrong presented the Marshall Lecture to the 2017 annual conference of the European Economic Association, and the associated article on 'Ordered Consumer Search' will be published in the association’s journal. His survey paper on 'Nonlinear pricing' was published in the Annual Review of Economics and his paper with Vickers on 'Multiproduct pricing made simple' was accepted in the Journal of Political Economy. He will be program chair of the 2017 European Winter Meeting of the Econometric Society and he continued to serve on the Council of the Econometric Society, as co-editor of the Rand Journal of Economics, and as Director of Graduate Studies in the Economics Department.
Hugh Collins: Publications in the past year include an edited collection: European Contract Law and Fundamental Rights (Intersentia, 2017); and two book chapters 'Is a Relational Contract a Legal Concept?' and 'The Challenges Presented by Fundamental Rights to Private Law'. He gave the invited Distinguished Lecture at City University Hong Kong, and gave papers at conferences in Oxford, Glasgow, and Toronto.
Vincent Crawford published papers on the state of game theory in the Journal of Economic Perspectives and on pre-play communication and coordination in Research in Economics. He continued work on nonparametric estimation of behavioral models and topics in behavioral game theory. He gave the Nancy L. Schwartz Memorial Lecture and a mini-course at Northwestern University; plenary lectures at Lancaster University and University of Alicante; and seminars at Stanford, Berkeley, Zurich, and St. Gallen. He serves as editor of Games and Economic Behavior and on the boards of other journals; and as a trustee of the Sanjaya Lall Memorial Foundation.
Wolfgang Ernst gave papers in the 'Tony Thomas Roman Law' series (UCL), for the Oxford Legal History Forum, at the Wissenschaftskolleg (Berlin), at the Collège de France, at the Albrecht Mendelssohn Bartholdy-Forum (Hamburg), and at a conference on Directions in Legal History and Roman Law, held by the Edinburgh Centre of Legal History. Topics came from the Roman law of delict and from the field of collective decision making, including the matter of responsibility for voting acts. At All Souls College he organized, together with Professor Birke Häcker, an international conference of judges on decision making in collegiate courts.
David Gellner was Head of Department (for the second time) in the School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography for the academic year 2016-17. In December 2016 he gave the MC Regmi Memorial Lecture in Kathmandu on 'The Idea of Nepal'. He did considerable editorial work on a large volume to be published by OUP Delhi in 2018, Global Nepalis: Religion, Culture, and Community in a New and Old Diaspora, a major output of the Vernacular Religion project. A short article on 'Source Force', the Nepali term for 'connections', was co-authored with A. Snellinger.
Beata Javorcik published a paper on the impact of foreign divestments on firm performance in the Journal of the European Economic Association and a paper on the unintended consequences of WTO membership in the Journal of Development Economics. She became Director of the International Trade Programme at the Centre for Economic Policy Research. She served on the Council and the Executive Committee of the Royal Economic Society Council. In the Economics Department, she headed the Recruitment Strategy Group, served as the Chair of MPhil Examiners and was responsible for post-graduate admissions.
Ian Loader was a Mid-Career Fellow at the Independent Social Research Foundation, worked on a book on Ideologies and Crime Control: In Search of a Better Politics of Crime, part published as an essay on 'Penal Populism and Epistemic Crime Control' in the 6th edition of the Oxford Handbook of Criminology. He researches and writes about markets in security, published an article on 'Private Security as Moral Drama' and works on papers on 'Heroism and its Limits in the Market for Security' and a 'Civilizing Model of Private Security Regulation'. Ian is Editor-in Chief of the Howard Journal of Crime and Justice.
Kevin O’Rourke continues to work on trade and trade policy during the Great Depression. He also published The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1870, co-edited with Jeffrey Williamson (OUP), had an article accepted by the Economic Journal, and delivered a keynote address (subsequently published) on Irish economic history to the national conference commemorating the centenary of the 1916 Rising.
Deborah Oxley is currently a Leverhulme Major Research Fellow researching historical body mass, ageing and gender inequality. A recent collaboration with Ewout Depauw (Ghent) explores the determinants of adult stature, paying particular heed to health and nutrition experienced at different stages of the growth cycle, concluding that for Flanders’ men, puberty was critical. Men are also the focus in a study of the Cambridge Philosophical Society anthropometric cards: https://anthropometryincontext.com/. Work continues on the AHRC Digital Panopticon project, which is due to be launched in September.
Catherine Redgwell continued work on the Oxford Martin School funded project on sustainable oceans governance, with several recent publications reflecting this oceans theme with chapters on 'International Regulatory Challenges of New Developments in Offshore Energy Technologies: Transportable Nuclear Power Plants' and 'The Never Ending Story: The Role of GAIRS in UNCLOS Implementation in the Offshore Energy Sector'. She also completed contributions to two major new works, the Oxford Handbook of Sources of International Law and Hart’s Landmark Cases in International Law (the WTO Shrimp-Turtle case), as well as writing (with Alan Boyle) the fourth edition of International Law and the Environment (OUP).
Catriona Seth’s edition of Germaine de Staël’s works in Gallimard’s 'Pléiade' series came out in April and she was one of the organisers of 'Reputations, Legacies, Futures: Austen, Staël & contemporaries, 1817-2017', a conference held at Chawton in July. Her anthology of Enlightenment texts on Europe edited with R. von Kulessa was published in French and then English, thanks to the involvement of 121 Oxford students and their tutors. In the summer semester, she was a visiting professor for transnational research at the Jakob-Fugger-Centre of the University of Augsburg. In July, she was elected to the British Academy.
Julia Smith joined the college as Chichele Professor of Medieval History in October 2016. She continued her work on religious materiality and the history of relics in early medieval Christianity, giving papers in Birmingham, Brussels, Dublin, Mainz and Oxford. She published two articles in edited volumes, on the relic collection of Saint-Maurice d’Agaune and on Holy Land relics in eleventh-century European relic collections.
Cecilia Trifogli continued to work on and brought to completion the edition of the Questions on Aristotle’s Physics by Geoffrey of Aspall (correction of the second and third proofs and production of the Indexes). The edition has now been published (June 2017) in the Series Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi, vols. 26-27 (cii+1307 pp.). She also completed two articles on topics from medieval natural philosophy and metaphysics to be published in proceedings of conferences. She served as Chairman of the British Academy Medieval Texts Editorial Committee and Director of Graduate Studies for the Philosophy Faculty.
Andrew Wilson continued to serve as Head of the School of Archaeology, and to work on the archaeology of the Roman Empire and its economy. He edited (with Miko Flohr) Urban Craftsmen and Traders in the Roman World (OUP 2016) and published several chapters on his excavations at Aphrodisias, and on the Roman economy. He co-directs (with Alan Bowman) the Oxford Roman Economy Project, (with Chris Howgego) the Coin Hoards of the Roman Empire Project, and (with Bob Bewley and David Mattingly) a project on Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa.
Peter Wilson completed three papers to be published in 2018, as well as assisting a German translation of Europe’s Tragedy. The Thirty Years War. A Polish translation appeared in June 2017. In addition to UG teaching, PG supervision, media appearances and consultancy, he presented research papers in Austria, Germany, Sweden, UK and the US, and co-organised and hosted a conference on A Violent World? Changes and Limits to Large-Scale Violence in Early Modernity in All Souls. He directs the Oxford Centre for European History and is currently researching resource mobilisation for war in Europe how 1560-1860.
Clare Bucknell continued work on eighteenth-century satire. She joined the editorial team of OUP's Oxford Edition of the Writings of Alexander Pope and Bucknell UP's William Popple's Works of Horace. She won a Fellowship at Yale's Beinecke Library, published articles on Charles Churchill and country house poetry, and produced a special issue of Critical Quarterly on eighteenth-century political satire. She worked on the organisation of a two-day Byron conference scheduled to take place in January, and wrote pieces on Swift and Richardson for the London Review of Books.
Sarah Bufkin continued with the second year of her DPhil in Political Theory. She worked on mapping the conceptual and methodological limits of contemporary political theory when it comes to negotiating white hegemony in the United States. She presented papers at seminars in Oxford and at a conference on the work of Adriana Cavarero in Brighton. In addition to teaching several P.P.E. papers and supervising an undergraduate thesis, she co-convened two weekly reading groups on intersectional feminisms and the Frankfurt School. She also serves on the editorial board for Scalawag, a quarterly magazine that covers the American South.
Katherine Backler joined the College in November 2016. She is currently working on her DPhil, which looks at unmarried, divorced, widowed, and separated women in classical Athens and further afield. Before beginning her DPhil research, she completed preparatory courses in Greek epigraphy, social anthropology, French, German, and Biblical Hebrew. Earlier this year, she submitted an article on the power of textiles to memorialise women’s stories within the Homeric epics. She has also been giving undergraduate reading classes in Thucydides, Herodotus, and Sophocles.
Hasan Dindjer continued his doctoral work on reasonableness in public law, presenting parts of it in Lisbon, New Haven, Genoa, and Edinburgh. He also served as a convenor of the Oxford Jurisprudence Discussion Group and co-organised a three-day international conference, 'New Directions in Philosophy of Law'.
Arthur Downing has attended 3 public policy conferences this year, all on the topic of the universal basic income. He has also submitted a paper for the 2018 Social Science History conference and will speak on a panel discussion on 'Mutualism and the Welfare state'.
Claire Hall has continued work on her DPhil on Origen of Alexandria and his concept of prophecy. She has an article forthcoming in Studia Patristica on Origen's view of astrology. She has also given papers in All Souls (on Schliemann's excavation of Troy), Oxford Patristics (on Origen's christology of prophecy) and Chicago (on Origen's Commentary on the Gospel of John).
Max Harris’s book The New Zealand Project was published in April 2017 and he gave various talks about it, including the Michael King Memorial Lecture at the Auckland Writers Festival. He completed the first year of his DPhil in Law, successfully transferring to the second year in June 2017. He spoke at a King’s College London Law and Justice Forum, a conference on basic income policies, a workshop on Prevent, and a seminar on adjudicating human rights. He also taught a course on ‘Philosophy on Human Rights’ and was a facilitator on a Learning Together Criminology programme at Grendon Prison.
Tess Little continued working on her DPhil - an exploration of transatlantic ties in the Women’s Liberation Movement of the 1970s. She visited archives in the US, France, and the UK, collecting written and visual sources from both personal and organisational records. She also gave two papers on her findings at seminars in Oxford, began to organise a conference on Second Wave Feminism to take place next Michaelmas, wrote an article for the Archives du Féminisme journal, and continued with her fiction writing.
Marius Ostrowski finished his DPhil: 'Twilight of the Pollsters: A Social Theory of Mass Opinion in Late Modernity', submitted in April, and passed his viva with no corrections in June. He presented a paper on 'Ideologies of Expertise in Late Modernity' in a seminar on Political Advice: from Antiquity to Present, organised by Colin Kidd and Jacqueline Rose. He worked on an edition of the WW1-era writings of Eduard Bernstein, forthcoming with Palgrave Macmillan in 2018. He taught and examined undergraduate politics modules and is preparing ideas for postdoctoral research projects on public opinion research, social and political theory, and ideology studies.
Frederick Wilmot-Smith completed a draft of a book on the philosophy of access to justice issues, which he presented to various audiences. He worked on a number of academic articles, published a co-edited book and articles for a more general audience, and gave talks at universities in the USA, Germany, Spain and the UK. He also ran a number of graduate seminars on specialist topics in the philosophy of law and taught on various BCL courses.
Andrew Wynn Owen has continued to work on his DPhil on epic poetry and the Romantic era, and has taught eighteenth- and nineteenth-century literature to students from Somerville College. An article on the poets Byron and Shelley was published in the journal Essays in Criticism, and a book of his poetry is forthcoming from Carcanet Press in April 2018.
George Woudhuysen continued his research on the Roman Empire under Constantine, his sons, and successors. He published a paper in Antiquité Tardive, spoke at a conference in Cambridge and at seminars in Oxford; he prepared two other articles and a book chapter for publication, secured a book contract for a volume of collaborative translation, and continued to work on several other collaborative projects. He also taught a variety of papers in the Faculty of History and supervised several undergraduate theses.
Tessa Baker resumed her fellowship in October 2016, having spent the previous year at the University of Pennsylvania on a Fulbright Scholarship. She developed and published a new method for bounding the mass of the neutrino, using multi-messenger astronomy of gravitational waves and neutrino detectors. In the latter half of the year she focussed on using 'voids' - especially empty regions of the universe - to test the nature of gravity, by predicting their soon-to-be-measured shear lensing signal. She lectured in the MMathPhys course on cosmology and gravitational lensing.
Dmitri Levitin completed work on several projects. (i) A large collaborative study of Isaac Newton’s earliest engagement with theology, including an edition and translation of a previously unknown text. (ii) Editorial work on the volume, Confessionalisation and Erudition in Early Modern Europe, in which (i) will appear. (iii) Essays on: a non-Anglocentric approach to the history of early modern experimental philosophy; the history of comparative religion; John Beale as a ‘radical’ historian (all published or forthcoming). He has nearly completed his monograph on Bayle and Newton. He has also written for the LRB and the Literary Review.
Philipp Nothaft completed work on his fourth monograph, Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe, which is scheduled to appear in 2018. In addition, he started or continued working on a number of book projects as well as articles dealing with various aspects of medieval astronomy and astrology. Publications of the past year include Walcher of Malvern: 'De lunationibus' and 'De Dracone' (Turnhout: Brepols, 2017), one book chapter, and five articles in peer-reviewed journals. He hosted two conferences in College and gave talks at conferences and seminars in Oxford, St Andrews, Durham, Paris, and London.
Erik Panzer finished and published his work with M. Kompaniets on the 6-loop resummation of O(n) critical exponents, and worked on several new projects surrounding Feynman integrals. In particular, these include the first algorithm to compute the weights in Kontsevich's deformation quantisation (in preparation with B. Pym and P. Banks), as well as a D-module theoretic approach to integration by parts relations (in preparation with T. Bitoun, C. Bogner and R. P. Klausen). He presented his work at seminars in Edinburgh, Cambridge, Oxford, Liverpool, Amsterdam, Paris and Zurich and attended workshops in Luminy, Mainz and Berkeley.
Jørgen Vold Rennemo continued his research in algebraic geometry, focusing in particular on derived categories. He has carried out a project with Ed Segal on the mathematical interpretation and proof of a certain physical duality, which has resulted in three research papers. The other main theme for the year has been the interplay between derived categories and Hodge theory, which has resulted in a new proof of the Torelli theorem for cubic 4-folds (joint with Daniel Huybrechts) and a counterexample to the birational Torelli theorem for Calabi-Yau 3-folds (joint with John Ottem).
Claudio Sopranzetti published his monograph Owners of the Map, an article on precarity and labour in contemporary Thailand, and two book chapters. He continued his work on the historical graphic novel Awakened and delivered a number of lectures and public talks. Since December he took up a three-month fellowship at the University of Kyoto and is now conducting research on social movements in Italy.
Sarah Beaver is the Domestic Bursar and Academic Administrator and responsible for the management of the College operational expenditure. She supports the Warden in the administration of the College. She also gave a talk on her experiences working in the Ministry of Defence during the Falklands conflict at the University of Texas in Austin.
Tim Besley continued his research in economics and political economy, completing papers on the evolution of democratic institutions, organizational culture and the gains from financial inclusion. His paper on gender quotas in Sweden was published in the American Economic Review. He also published papers on hereditary-leadership, firm-level predation, social-enterprise and the impact of volatility on FDI. He gave his Presidential address to the World Congress of the International Economic Association and delivered the Sir Richard Stone Lecture, the Reimar Lüst Lecture and the FFBVA Lecture. He served on the National Infrastructure Commission and as co-chair of the LSE Growth Commission.
Fraser Campbell, alongside practice as a barrister in London, presented papers on topics including recent developments in commercial law. He also addressed the annual conference of the Association on Pension Lawyers, on non-pensionability agreements. In his capacity as Specialist Adviser to the House of Commons Treasury Select Committee he delivered a report on the use of the 'Maxwellisation' process in public inquiries.
Ellen Clarke took a period of maternity leave starting in July 2016. On returning in October, she made revisions to two papers, collaborated on a paper about ecological ontology, and gave a talk at a meeting about Major Transitions in Evolution before departing at the end of December to take up a new lectureship at the University of Leeds.
John Drury is engaged, with colleagues Peregrine Horden, Keith Thomas, Simon Green and Andrew Wilson, in the Reredos Project: arranging for the three-dimensional photography of the fifteenth century reredos in the chapel and the analysis of its stone and the abundant and original paintwork. This will be followed by a symposium on 13 September 2018 on the phases of its history - making, iconoclasm, covering and restoration - all to be understood in terms of its context in architectural, political and devotional history.
Simon Green published articles on: 'Northern History', 'Religion and Politics in Britain since 1800' and 'The Rise and Fall of the Ansonian Ideal in All Souls, c. 1880-1960'. He continued work on Volumes Two and Three of the College History; served as Visiting Professor of History at Ashoka University, New Delhi, Autumn 2016; began work on a three-year AHRC-funded project to produce a digitalized and annotated edition of the Journals of Hensley Henson, 1902-1947; is completing a book based on a revised and extended version of his 2013-14 Birkbeck Lectures at Cambridge, for publication by CUP.
Patrick Finglass served as Head of the School of Humanities and Head of the Department of Classics at the University of Nottingham; he was then appointed Henry Overton Wills Professor of Greek and Head of the Department of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Bristol, a post that he will take up on 1 September 2017.
Justine Firnhaber-Baker is Senior Lecturer in Late Mediaeval History at the University of St Andrews. Her work focuses on politics, law, violence and social order in France, ca. 1200-1450. In the last academic year, she published The Routledge History Handbook of Medieval Revolt and gave research papers to academic bodies in the UK, Spain, and France. She is currently working on a monograph on the Jacquerie revolt of 1358 and has produced an open-access, annotated digital map of the uprising. She edits The Mediaeval Journal and the St Andrews Series in French History and Culture.
Launcelot Henderson was appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal in November 2016, and since then has been a full time member of the Civil Division of the Court of Appeal hearing appeals on a wide variety of subjects. In July 2017 he gave a joint presentation with two colleagues at the Conference held in the College on 'Counting Votes and Weighing Opinions - Collective Judging in Comparative Perspective'.
Peregrine Horden brought his history of the College from its foundation to 1700 into final draft and edited a collection of the memorial addresses of deceased Fellows.
Jonathan Katz attended sessions of the Chennai winter classical music season in January. In Hilary Term in Oxford he gave a series of lectures on South Asian music and jointly led a seminar on Roman comedy. He continued to lecture and teach Latin, Greek and Sanskrit languages and literature for St Anne’s, Brasenose other colleges. Taking up his duties as Public Orator, he delivered his first orations at Encaenia in June.
Colin Kidd published a book on the background to George Eliot's Mr Casaubon and co-edited a collection of essays on the Scottish novelist John Galt. He spoke at Yale on the fiftieth anniversary of Bernard Bailyn's Ideological Origins of the American Revolution, and also organised a conference at All Souls on 'Political Advice from Antiquity to the Present'.
George Molyneaux began practice as a barrister at Blackstone Chambers, London. He also continued his work in medieval history, publishing an article on a tenth-century Anglo-Latin chronicle in Early Medieval Europe and preparing a paperback edition of his book The Formation of the English Kingdom in the Tenth Century.
Alex Mullen is an Assistant Professor in Classics at the University of Nottingham and returned to Fellowship in January 2017. She began a 5-year ERC project on the Latinization of the north-western Roman provinces in March 2017, which is hosted by Nottingham and based at the Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents, Oxford. She has nearly completed a co-authored book manuscript, The Language of Letters, and continues to work on a short book on the Celtic language Gaulish, with Coline Ruiz Darasse (CNRS, Bordeaux). She has given papers in the UK, Austria and Slovenia.
Edward Mortimer contributes to the All Souls and Public Life programme. In May he hosted a screening in College of the film of the National Theatre production of the Pakistani play Dara. He was a member of the team which produced the Report of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Migration, published by the United Nations. He delivered a paper, `Reflections on the Responsibility to Protect’, at a conference at Presidency University in Kolkata and took part in a conference on ‘The Responsibility to Protect: Re-Energizing the Key Players’, at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver.
David Pannick has continued in practice at the Bar and continues to work as a Crossbench Peer in the House of Lords, specialising in legal and constitutional issues. He is a member of the House of Lords Constitution Committee and is co-Chair (with Dominic Grieve QC, MP) of the All Party Parliamentary Group on the Rule of Law. He writes a fortnightly column on legal issues for The Times. His essay on the Gina Miller case and Article 50 will be published in the U.K. Supreme Court Yearbook 2017.
Hanna Pickard continued to work as a therapist for the Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust Complex Needs Service and was promoted to Professor of Philosophy of Psychology at the University of Birmingham. In addition to her academic research, she also worked to develop an open access on-line training for mental health and allied professionals, funded by the Wellcome Trust and with support from All Souls, to be launched by the end of 2017.
John Redwood led two conferences on how the UK could implement the result of the referendum to leave the EU. He presented papers on the legislation needed and a possible negotiating strategy for the UK's future close relationship with the EU. He also researched and wrote extensively about the world economy, the impact of President Trump, the challenges to the Euro on the continent and the outlook for the UK economy.
Daniel Rothschild teaches philosophy and linguistics at University College London. His research focuses on semantics and pragmatics and its connections to psychology. This past year he has been working on a book on dynamic semantics as well as several other smaller projects. He has given several talks at universities in Europe and the US as well as teaching a one-week intensive course at an international summer school.
In the last year, Katherine Rundell has worked on transforming her DPhil thesis into a book about Donne’s life and verse. She also wrote a play based on the life of the writer Saki and took it to the Edinburgh Festival, where it won Best of Edinburgh and transferred to New York, and wrote a novel for children, The Explorer, which came out in August 2017.
Andrew James Scott’s research addressed issues of private international law and in particular jurisdiction and applicable law in the field of commercial law, competition law and employment law. He edited the 'Private International Law' chapter of the British Yearbook of International Law.
Thomas Seaman chairs the University’s Property Advisory Group, which reports to the University’s Investment Committee. He is a Trustee, Honorary Treasurer and member of the Council of the International Institute of Strategic Studies, where he also chairs the Investment and Audit Committees. He is a Fellow of Eton College.
Amia Srinivasan completed articles on anger in politics, pornography, no platforming, ideology and compassion, and gave talks at NYU, Oxford, UCLA and Edinburgh. She has also started work on her monograph, At the Depths of Belief, supported by a Leverhulme Research Fellowship. Her public writing appeared in The Nation and the London Review of Books.
William Waldegrave became Chancellor of Reading University and remains Provost of Eton College. He was a participant in Colin Kidd's conference on giving advice to government and has published reviews and articles.
Benjamin Wardhaugh is the PI on an AHRC-funded project looking at Euclid's Elements of Geometry in the early modern world, which will involve five research workshops and produce a network of exhibitions and an edited collection of essays. He has published a number of other papers about the culture of early modern mathematics, and has been appointed editor of the Bulletin of the British Society for History of Mathematics and general editor of the Bloomsbury Cultural History of Mathematics.
Honorary and Emeritus Fellows
Andrew Ashworth continued his enquiry into a new strand of criminal liability, in the shape of offences of failure to report, failure to prevent and failure to protect. This research has resulted in a substantial article due to appear in the Law Quarterly Review in October 2017, and in a paper to be given in Brisbane in November. A second strand of research has focussed on the evolution of sentencing policy in the last quarter-century, resulting in publications in 2017 in the Modern Law Review and the Criminal Law Review.
James Adams had two books published in October 2016, An Anthology of Informal Latin, 200 BC–AD 900: Fifty Texts with Translations and Linguistic Commentary (CUP), and Early and Late Latin: Continuity or Change? (CUP), the latter jointly with Professor N. Vincent. His contribution to the Oxford Handbook of Textual Criticism is forthcoming. He is continuing to work on a book on asyndeton and coordination in Latin literature, and has recently, with two others, formed a group of scholars from all over the world to contribute to an edited volume on aspects of early Latin language.
Margaret Bent was awarded the British Academy’s Derek Allen prize for Musicology. She continues to run a seminar series in All Souls on 'Medieval and Renaissance Music', and has presented invited papers at conferences in Vancouver, Bloomington, Novacella and Prague. She has published the following articles: 'Francesco Malipiero and Antonio da Roma – another musical connection?', 'Melchior or Marchion de Civilibus, Prepositus Brixiensis: new documents', 'The absent first gathering of the Chantilly manuscript', 'The transmission of music by English composers and Du Fay at the time of the Council of Constance'. Publication details are in her bibliography on the College website.
Robin Briggs worked on his history of North-Western Europe. A chapter on 'Social Problems and Social Policy in the Later Years of Louis XIV' appeared in a collection of essays entitled The Third Reign of Louis XIV, c. 1682-1715. Another chapter on 'Emotion and Affect in Lorraine Witchcraft Cases' has been published in a second collective volume, Emotions in the History of Witchcraft. A paper on 'Catholiques et protestants: les langages du mal' was given at a conference in Paris in June, and may be published in due course, while he is also preparing a chapter on the Lorraine demonologist Nicolas Remy.
Guy Goodwin-Gill taught international refugee law at universities in North America, Australia and Europe, and gave speeches and presentations at many conferences and workshops. Some were published in the International Journal of Refugee Law, others formed part of contributions to various edited collections. These included an analysis of the 1950s litigation in the International Court of Justice between Colombia and Peru (the Asylum Case), and an assessment of the legal protection needs of refugees and migrants in distress at sea. He works at the University of New South Wales, where he is Acting Director of the Kaldor Centre for International Refugee Law.
Christopher Hood (with Ruth Dixon) was awarded the 2016 UK Political Studies Association W.J.M. Mackenzie prize for best book published in political science in 2015 for A Government that Worked Better and Cost Less? (OUP 2015). He published A Century of Fiscal Squeeze Politics: 100 Years of Austerity Politics and Bureaucracy in the UK, written with Rozana Himaz (OUP 2017). He was the lead keynote speaker at the International Public Policy Association conference in Singapore, June 2017, and secured a grant from the Nuffield Foundation for a study of public expenditure control in the UK (with comparative elements) from 1993 to 2015.
Roger Hood has continued his work on the death penalty, including an article for the United Nations and an essay in a book published to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Oxford Centre for Criminology, in which he reflected on the contributions research and consultancy has made to the movement to abolish capital punishment world-wide. He was also consultant to a survey of public opinion on the mandatory death penalty in Singapore, and collaborates closely with The Death Penalty Project.
Avner Offer’s publications comprised The Nobel Factor: The Prize in Economics, Social Democracy and the Market Turn (Princeton UP) (with G. Söderberg); two book chapters, a critique of Piketty, a study of energy endowments in the First World War; and a journal article (in Hebrew) on the current relevance of his Six-Day War war photographs. Presentations were made in Chicago, New York, Lund (Sweden) and four Universities in Israel. He supervised three doctoral students and three other dissertations.
David Parkin participated in a project in Germany on everyday ethics in Africa and published 'Loud ethics and quiet morality among Muslim healers in eastern Africa'. (Africa, July 2017, Vol. 87 (3) pp. 537-553) based on Swahili narrative language use. During the academic year he has been turning his 2016 fellowship lectures at Peking University into a book on anthropological perspectives on 'soft power' policies. He continues to chair the RAI and EASA linguistic anthropology committees and as a member of the Goettingen Max Planck Sociolinguistic Diversity Research Group and its core, the International Consortium for Language and Superdiversity (InCoLas).
Ian Maclean continued to work on theological interpretation in the late Renaissance, on intellectual history in the seventeenth century, and on the history of the learned book in the period 1560-1750. He has published five articles, and given invited papers in Udine and Rome, and at two seminars in Oxford. He has been the co-convenor of the Early Modern German Seminar in Oxford, has continued as co-editor of the Oxford-Warburg Studies, and has served on various other editorial boards.
James Malcomson has continued research into the economics of relational contracts, on-going relationships in which not all details are fully specified in a legally enforceable way. (Standard examples are employment, commercial supply relationships and purchase of services.) Other research concerns competition in provision of public services, presented at conferences at the University of Chicago and CESifo Group in Munich. Publications this year include Bargaining and Wage Rigidity in a Matching Model for the US with Sophocles Mavroeidis. He serves on the Review Body on Doctors’ and Dentists’ Remuneration, which advises UK governments on pay for doctors and dentists in the NHS.
Peter Pulzer continues to participate in the annual summer school on Jews in the Holy Roman Empire, this time in Innsbruck. He also contributed to a symposium on 'Religion and Tolérance - 500 Years after Wittenberg' at the Maison Française and on 'Politics in the Age of Populism' at St Antony’s College. He is continuing to work on his monograph State, Society and Parties: The Evolution of the Party System in Germany.
In quantum field theory Graeme Segal’s main output this year has been a lecture on 'Non Commutative Geometry and Quantum Field Theory' at a conference in Shanghai which will be published eventually; he has also continued his collaborative work with Daniel Freed in this area. In geometry he has been preparing a version of his 2016 Kan Lectures for publication, and out of that has arisen a new project concerning the smooth homotopy category which is his main focus at present.
Boudewijn Sirks continued working on Roman law in antiquity and late antiquity (i.e. on the colonate), as on legal history of the 16th century onwards. He has published several articles on Roman law and Pandektenwissenschaft. He has given papers in Freiburg, Augsburg, Ravenna, Parma, Salamanca, and Berlin.
Hew Strachan remains engaged in the activities surrounding the centenary of the First World War. Publications arising from this include Das europäische Mächtesystem und das Habsburgerreich in der Julikrise 1914, in Helmut Rumpler and Anatol Schmied-Kowarzik (eds), Die Habsburgermonarchie und der erste Weltkrieg, Band XI of Die Habsburgermonarchie 1848-1918. He also served as a specialist advisor to the Joint Parliamentary Committee on the National Security Strategy until the dissolution of Parliament in 2017.
Eva Margareta Steinby completed the "preliminary" edition of the Roman brick stamps from Central Italy, which is published on the website of the Institutum Romanum Finlandiae. It comprises all stamps published in Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum vol. XV.1 and in volumes I, II, III, V, VIII, IX, X, XII and XIV. Some 1,500 "new" and relocated stamps have been temporarily inserted following the CIL editorial praxis. She is preparing the separate commentaries on the owners of the brick yards and the contractors.
Guenter Treitel’s main publication in the year to 31 July 2017 was the 4th edition of Carver on Bills of Lading. This book, in spite of what its title might suggest, is entirely the work of himself and his co-author Francis Reynolds. It was first published as a new book in 2001. In the present edition, he is the author of just over 70% of the text.
Visiting Fellows (Terms in residence and parent academic institution)
Francesco Ademollo (Michaelmas Term, Università di Firenze, Philosophy) worked on Aristotle’s conception of primary substance in the 'Categories' and on the relation between cosmic and individual soul in early Stoicism. On the former he drafted a paper presented at a conference in New College; on the latter he revised extensively another paper, which he then delivered at the Ancient Philosophy Workshop (and which will be submitted to Cambridge University Press). He also revised and submitted to Phronesis an article (now forthcoming) on the pseudo-Platonic Definitions and finalized a long review (forthcoming in Gnomon) of the new Teubner edition of Aristotle’s De interpretatione.
Edel Bhreathnach (Michaelmas Term, The Discovery Programme: Centre for Archaeology & Innovation Ireland, History) researched Ireland’s monastic tradition AD900-1300. Extensive comparative sources and secondary literature relating to the phenomenon of monasticism throughout Europe provided the tools to interpret contemporary Irish vernacular sources from a different perspective. Discussions with scholars of many disciplines introduced her to new methodologies. The resulting volume, Monks on Islands. Ireland’s Monastic Tradition AD900-1300 will no longer follow the standard chronological insular narrative but will address Irish monasticism within the wider cultural and spiritual context of the medieval church.
Stefan Collini (Ford Lecturer, Hilary Term, University of Cambridge, English Literature) gave the Ford lectures in the university under the title 'History in English Criticism, 1919-1961'. The lectures explored the relations between literary history and broader forms of history in this period, arguing that even the form of close textual analysis that dominated English criticism in these years was often dependent on, and sometimes shaped by, partial or implicit interpretations of history. Among the major figures discussed were T.S. Eliot, F.R. Leavis, William Empson, and Raymond Williams. The Ford lectures will be published as a book by Oxford University Press.
Mark Cornwall (Trinity Term, University of Southampton, History) progressed with his research on Treason and Disloyalty in the Late Habsburg Monarchy and gave two papers in Oxford. He consulted a range of legal experts, political philosophers and historians in order to better conceptualize treason. Using material from the Codrington and the Bodleian libraries, he focused on the treason trials in Hungary after the 1848 revolutions and how South Slav treason was prosecuted before the First World War. He worked on a book on the late Habsburg South Slav Question (translating a chapter from Croatian), and the CUP History of the Habsburg Monarchy.
Richard Davenport-Hines (Michaelmas Term, Independent Researcher, History) used archival sources in the Bodleian, the Codrington and college libraries relating to John Meade Falkner, and studied buildings associated with him in the university and Oxfordshire. He made a selection from the Dacre papers at Christ Church for a second volume of the letters of Hugh Trevor-Roper; worked on the draft of his book on communist espionage in Britain; undertook archival research in the papers of Isaiah Berlin, Patrick Reilly, Lord Sherfield, John Simon, Donald Somervell, John Sparrow and other eminent Oxford figures. He gave papers to seminars at Christ Church and St John’s.
Silvia Ferrara (Hilary and Trinity Terms, Sapienza University of Rome, Archaeology / Classical Studies) completed two chapters of her book on the origins of writing in the Eastern Mediterranean, submitted two book chapters for edited volumes, participated in two international conferences, completed the revision of an edited monograph, gave three seminars, and submitted her application for a European Research Council Consolidator Grant. (She has been shortlisted by the ERC and will be interviewed in Brussels in early October 2017).
Marco Gentile (Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, Università degli Studi di Parma, History) made significant progress on his book on factions in late medieval Italy. He presented has work at seminars on Medieval History (All Souls) and the Italian Renaissance (St Catherine’s); wrote two entries for the Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani; completed an article on forms of political representation in late-medieval northern Italy, to appear in an edited volume; started working on a review of Patrick Lantschner, The Logic of Political Conflict in Medieval Cities. Italy and the Low Countries, 1370-1440 (Oxford University Press: Oxford 2015), which will appear in the journal Storica.
Simon Keefe (Michaelmas Term, University of Sheffield, Musicology) finished a complete draft of his 200,000-word book manuscript Mozart in Vienna, 1781-1791: the Final Decade during his term in residency. It will be published by Cambridge University Press in 2018. He also gave the first Visiting Fellows Colloquium of the year at All Souls - 'Mozart's Decade in Vienna: a New Approach to Musical Biography' and completed an article-length study of the Opus 1 string quartets by Mozart's contemporary Ignaz Pleyel, examining performing and reception-related issues.
Maggie Kilgour (Hilary and Trinity Terms, McGill University, English Literature) worked primarily on a monograph on the relationship between Milton and Shakespeare and its place in English literary history. She gave four invited talks forming the bases for the book’s introduction, which traces the reception of the two authors from Milton’s time to the present, and for a chapter which analyses Milton’s interest in and absorption of Shakespeare’s Macbeth. She also completed the introduction and first chapter for a study of Milton’s poetry, Fine Excess: Milton’s Poetical Thought, under contract with Oxford University Press.
Øystein Linnebo (Hilary and Trinity Terms, University of Oslo, Philosophy) carried out research in metaphysics, and the philosophies of mathematics and logic. He completed a monograph, Thin Objects: An Abstractionist Account (forthcoming with OUP), which defends a Frege-inspired approach to metaphysics where various kinds of objects are explained by providing criteria of identity for them; did research developing a modernized version of the ancient Aristotelian idea of potential infinity; wrote articles on different conceptions of infinity, on how we might understand generalizations over an “indefinite” domain, and on the approach of Michael Dummett; gave talks in the UK, Europe, and the US.
Joseph McConnell (Trinity Term, Desert Research Institute, Nevada System of Higher Education, Hydrology) worked with All Souls Fellow Andrew Wilson and others to interpret detailed records of heavy metal pollution deposited in Greenland ice and other Northern Hemisphere climate archives during the past 3000 years. Current results were summarized in two Oxford seminar presentations and manuscripts focusing on three different time periods are in preparation. He also gave a more general seminar to the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, and met with colleagues as part of efforts to expand overall ice-core-related collaborations with Oxford-based researchers and students.
Ali Mir-Ansari (Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, The Centre for the Great Islamic Encyclopedia, Iran, Oriental Studies). At All Souls there is a Persian manuscript collection relating to the fall of the Mysore kingdom and the death of Tipu Sultan in 1799. Some are likely to have been part of Tipu Sultan's personal library, written by witnesses to the actual events, and most are unique. He studied from three perspectives: codicology, history and Persian prose style (very specific to the place and period) to which he gave the term 'Indo-Persian prose'. The manuscripts will be published in facsimile form with introductions covering these three perspectives.
Jesse Norman (Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, Independent Researcher, History/Politics) continued to research and write his forthcoming intellectual biography of Adam Smith, to be published by Penguin (UK) and Basic Books (USA) in 2018. Alongside this, he began preliminary research on late 16th-early 17th Century legal culture and common law constitutionalism in England and gave a talk on 'Burke and the Ancient Constitution' at the Visiting Fellows Colloquium. He also co-hosted (with Professor Tim Besley) two successful public seminars on the political economy of the state and the market, with Michael Sandel, John Kay and Andrew Adonis among invited guests.
Anna Marie Roos (Trinity Term, University of Lincoln, History) transcribed and analysed the travel diary of Martin Folkes (1690-1754), protégé of Newton, President of the Royal Society and the Society of Antiquaries (in manuscript in the Bodleian Library). As part of her intellectual biography of Folkes, Newton’s Connoisseur, she used Folkes’ travel diary to analyse his freemasonry, his intellectual development as a Newtonian and his antiquarianism; submitted a final manuscript about early modern scientific illustration to Bodleian Library Press; and examined a portion of the Stukeley manuscripts in the Bodleian and the William Wake Correspondence in Christ Church for material on Folkes.
Carmen Sarasúa (Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, History/Economics) researched women’s work in 18th-century Spain. She finished a paper `Women’s work and Structural Change. Occupational Structure in 18th century Spain’, with the results obtained from a database of 45,000 individuals constructed from the individual declarations of householders of the Cadaster of Ensenada (1750-1755); established much higher than previously thought levels of women’s market activity; showed it was concentrated, as in most of Europe, in non-agricultural occupations (manufacturing and services); leading to a redefinition of when and how structural change in employment took place.
Michael Smith (John Locke Lecturer, Trinity Term, Princeton University, Philosophy) delivered the John Locke Lectures, on 'A Standard of Judgement'. His aim was to show that we can derive two moral principles from uncontroversial facts about what it is to be a rational and reflective agent; that we have reasons to act according to these two moral principles; and that they must be weighed against reasons for action we have in virtue of being rational agents embodied in human form, including reasons grounded in love, friendship, and in our artistic sensibilities. He prepared a book manuscript draft based on the lectures.
Megan Sweeney (Michaelmas Term, UCLA, Sociology) investigated inequality in the course and consequences of the post-1960 'Contraceptive Revolution'. She worked on social class inequality in the use of contraceptive sterilization and long-acting reversible contraceptive methods in the United States, using data from the National Survey of Family Growth. She also analysed data from the National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyle to highlight the comparison between contraceptive-use patterns in the United States and Britain. Britain offers an outstanding comparative case for the USA, because the National Health Service should minimise the role of cost barriers in generating social class differentials in contraceptive use.
Catherine Wilson (Hilary and Trinity Terms, University of York, Philosophy) continued to work on Immanuel Kant and the 18th Century background in natural and moral sciences, focussing on sciences of life and natural history in the Comte de Buffon, a long-term influence on Kant’s thinking about organic nature, and later on Kant’s published and unpublished drafts and notes relating to his reaction against the 'empirical' and sentiment-based moral philosophy of Hutcheson, Hume, and Smith. She gave the Gilbert Ryle Lectures at Trent University, Canada on the theme of 'Life According to Nature', and two talks in the College based on her ongoing research.