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Annual Report Summary 31 July 2019

The Warden

Besides his duties as Warden, John Vickers worked further on banking reform, and gave keynote lectures at the International Conference of Banking Supervisors in Abu Dhabi and at the IMF annual conference on Policy Challenges for the Financial Sector.  He completed two papers with Mark Armstrong on the economics of competition when consumers vary in awareness of the deals on offer.  He ended his term as chair the Finance Committee of Oxford University Press (OUP) and became President of the European Association for Research in Industrial Economics.

Senior Research Fellows

Susanne Bobzien is continuing to work on a book on the structure of vagueness and higher-order vagueness and another on elements of Stoic logic.  She has authored a paper on Gottlob Frege and Stoic logic, a paper on Stoic sequent logic, and a paper on Stoic indemonstrables and the Stoic notion of proof.  She has co-authored a paper on Stoic logic and multiple generality.  She presented work on intuitionistic logic and vagueness, and on semantic agnosticism, extending her position on the semantic paradoxes to first-order logic.

Francis Brown works on algebraic geometry and number theory with applications to high-energy physics.  He continues to develop the theory of mixed motivic periods, and gave master classes in Stockholm and Dublin on these topics.  This year he introduced multi-variable versions of zeta and L-functions in this context.  In joint publications with Dupont, he resolved some problems in string perturbation theory using a new theory of single-valued integration, and also formulated a motivic Galois theory of hypergeometric functions.  These were the subject of lectures given in Ireland, Switzerland and Germany.

Colin Burrow has published a 250,000 word monograph Imitating Authors: Plato to Futurity, with OUP.  He has written articles on Elizabethan literary criticism on Shakespeare and Epic, and on various aspects of book history.  He has more or less completed an edition of the poems for the Oxford Edition of the Works of John Marston.  He has worked on the Elizabethan volume of the Oxford English Literary History, a series of which he is a General Editor.  He has acted as early modern editor of Review of English Studies, and has reviewed regularly for the Guardian and the London Review of Books.

Andrew Burrows completed the new edition of his monograph Remedies for Torts, Breach of Contract, and Equitable Wrongs (OUP, 2019).  This has been extensively rewritten since the last edition in 2004.  The sixth edition of his A Casebook on Contract was published in September 2018.  He has completed for publication four new essays/articles, two on unjust enrichment, one on anti-oral variation clauses in contract, and the other on aspects of the interaction between common law and statute.  He has been working on a major article ‘In Defence of Unjust Enrichment’ and a new edition of Anson on Contract.

Santanu Das joined the College in January 2019. Following the publication of India, Empire and First World War Culture (CUP) last autumn, he gave keynote addresses on war commemoration in Christchurch, Leuven and Kolkata, and his first term in College was taken up converting them into articles and book-chapters. He has been co-editing Cultural Encounters During the First World War for Routledge and collecting material for the Oxford Book of Colonial Literature of the First World War. He has also started working on his new project on sea-voyages. In February, he was elected a Distinguished Fellow of the United Service Institution of India.

Cécile Fabre spent the first half of 2018-2019 serving as University Proctor, in which capacity she oversaw University examinations, dealt with student discipline, was a Delegate of Oxford University Press, and took part in the governance of the University.  Since demitting from the Proctorship in March 2019, she has resumed work on a book addressing the ethics of espionage and counter-intelligence (under contract with OUP), and has presented papers in Oxford and at UCL.

Paul Fendley continued his research on condensed matter and mathematical physics, focusing on many-body physics in quantum systems with strong interactions.  One current theme is understanding why in certain many-body systems exact computations are possible, in particular finding a transformation of an interacting fermion system into a non-interacting one.  He gave the annual Boltzmann Lecture in Trieste, and talks at conferences in Vancouver, Amsterdam, and Beijing.  He also was co-organiser of a workshop in Montreal, and a summer school in Trieste.

John Gardner completed his book Torts and Other Wrongs and published several articles on diverse topics such as honesty in criminal law, damages in private law, legality and blame.  He participated in several workshops on his recent book From Personal Life to Private Law.  In October, days after being diagnosed with cancer, John celebrated 30 years of teaching with Tony Honoré.  Over the course of Trinity Term John taught a widely attended seminar on philosophical foundations of discrimination law.  He died three weeks after teaching his last seminar.

Ruth Harris is currently in the process of finalising a first draft of her manuscript, ‘Guru to the World’.  She worked in archives and libraries in Calcutta, and made extensive contact with researchers in her field in India.  She also consulted unpublished papers at the Vedanta Centre of St. Louis, to which she was the first person outside the Vedanta community to have access.  She gave papers at Cambridge and a special lecture at Harvard (in September); she was also keynote speaker and special commentator in Notre Dame in America at an important conference on Catholicism and global religion.

Cecilia Heyes responded to two published collections of essays on her book Cognitive Gadgets, wrote an extended précis of the book for The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, and continued her research on the evolutionary and developmental origins of morality.  Reflecting the interdisciplinary character of her work, these articles were published in biology, psychology and philosophy journals.  She continued to serve as the President of the Experimental Psychology Society, was elected a Fellow of the Cognitive Science Society, and gave invited lectures at four international conferences, in Canberra, Pittsburgh, Stirling and Reading, and at universities in Adelaide, Atlanta, Cambridge, London and Washington DC.

Neil Kenny completed his book Literary Families and Social Hierarchy in Early Modern France, which will appear with Oxford University Press in 2020.  He continued to work on other aspects of the relation of literature and learning to early modern social hierarchy.  He presented his research in Paris, Lyon, Tours, Cambridge, Cork, Durham (twice), London, and Oxford.  He published an article on Montaigne, contributed to a Cambridge History and a short co-authored piece on language policy.  He continued to work on national language policy as Lead Fellow for Languages at the British Academy and spoke at numerous events in that capacity.

Angela McLean continued to work on the dynamics and evolution of infections.  Her project combining epidemiology, geography and pathogen genetics made good progress in establishing fundamental mathematical models.  Those models combine elements from each of the three processes of movement of people, transmission of pathogens and evolution of pathogens so that observations reflecting all three processes can be simultaneously analysed.  She also continued to publish on the within-host dynamics and evolution of viral infections.  She co-Chaired the Royal Society’s Data Community of Interest, a role in which she helps to steer the Royal Society’s policy work on how to use Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence.

Noel Malcolm spent most of the year working on a volume of essays on Albanian history; the longest essays in it are on Ali Pasha of Ioannina and his international diplomacy during the Napoleonic Wars (66,000 words), and on Albanians in the hands of the Inquisition in early modern Europe (35,000 words).  He also began to prepare a student edition of Hobbes’s Leviathan, drawn from his previously published critical edition.  His Useful Enemies: Islam and the Ottoman Empire in Western Political Thought, 1450-1750 was published by OUP in May.

Catherine Morgan organized a conference on ‘Feasting with the Greeks’ and worked towards publication of the proceedings.  She continued work on a monograph entitled Histories in the Central Ionian Islands, and completed articles on the archaeology of the Ionian islands, the Corinthia, and the Corinthian Gulf.  In collaboration with colleagues from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture, she conducted a study season on finds from a rural sanctuary in northern Leukada.  She has given papers in Nagoya and Oxford, and keynote lectures at the annual meetings of the Classical Association of Canada and the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies.

Lucia Prauscello has made good progress on the new edition and commentary of Menander’s fragmentary plays for OUP (co-authored together with Peter Parsons).  She has published five articles on miscellaneous subjects (Sappho, Corinna, Pindar, Menander and the language of honorific inscriptions), delivered a series of graduate lectures at Paris in February and given papers at Cambridge, Oxford, Venice (Ca’ Foscari) and Rome (La Sapienza).  She has continued to act as editor of the Cambridge Classical Journal and as advisory editor of The Oxyrhynchus papyri (Egyptian Exploration Society, London).

Ian Rumfitt published three articles.  One sets out his account of the concept of truth; another (co-authored with Daniel Isaacson) was the British Academy Memoir for Michael Dummett (Fellow 1950-79).  Two further articles - one co-authored with Susanne Bobzien, the other concerning the late Derek Parfit's theory of personal identity - have been accepted by journals.  He gave a research seminar on truth and meaning in Trinity Term, a lecture on truth at Salzburg, and contributed to a college workshop on truth-maker semantics.

Gavin Salam has been working on quantum chromodynamics and phenomenology at high-energy particle colliders.  He devoted most of his time to laying the foundations for his ERC Advanced Grant and Royal Society Research Professorship projects on parton showers in high energy particle collisions.  He published two articles on parton showers and on jets, made a number of contributions to the planning of the next 5-year European Strategy for Particle Physics, delivered the keynote talk at the first Quantum Universe Cluster of Excellence meeting in Hamburg and lectured at the Ettore Majorana Centre in Sicily.

Stephen Smith continues writing his book on the comparative history of popular religion in the Soviet Union and Communist China.  He published articles in two edited collections (one in Polish); two articles will appear later in 2019.  In 2018 he spent three months researching and writing as a Visiting Professor at Peking University, followed by a two-week Research Fellowship at the Academia Sinica in Taiwan.  He gave a five-day ‘master class’ at the Central European University in Budapest in May 2019 on the theme of religion and comparative Communism.  He gave lectures in London, Freiburg, Athens, Taipei, Boston USA and Budapest.

Lucia Zedner researches on counter-terrorism, criminal law and justice.  She published several chapters and articles in University of Toronto Law Journal, Annual Review of Criminology and New Criminal Law Review on terrorism offences, police powers, preventive laws and measures, and risk-based sentencing, two co-authored with Andrew Ashworth.  She serves on the editorial boards of six journals and an OUP monograph series.  She gave public lectures in Valencia and the Hague, and talks on four new papers in Oxford, Madrid, Leiden, and in Sydney on her biennial visit as Conjoint Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of New South Wales.

University Academic Fellows

Suzanne Aigrain continued work on the detection and characterisation of exoplanets and their host stars.  She published papers on exoplanet discoveries, mass measurements using the radial velocity method, atmospheric characterisation of exoplanets, and stellar variability, and started a citizen science project to discover planets in data from the TESS space mission.  She helped organise the fifth instalment of the ‘Exoclimes’ conference series in Merton College, Oxford, and lectured on Gaussian process regression at the Ecole Evry Schatzman organised by the French Programme National de Physique Stellaire in Aussois (France).

Mark Armstrong continues his research on topics to do with information flows in consumer markets.  His paper "Multiproduct pricing made simple" (with Vickers) was published in the Journal of Political Economy, and his papers "Discount pricing" (with Chen) and "Discriminating against captive customers" (with Vickers) were accepted respectively in Economic Inquiry and American Economic Review: Insights.  He gave keynote addresses this year in Florence, Reus (Spain), Durham and Nottingham.  He prepared an Advanced Grant application to the ERC on "Information structures in consumer markets", which was successful.  He continues to serve on the Council of the Econometric Society and as co-editor of the RAND Journal.

Diwakar Acharya continued critically reading the early Upaniṣads and working on a critical edition of two Sanskrit texts from old Nepalese manuscripts.  He taught a weeklong intensive course and attended a workshop at Kyoto University.  He collaborated with Professor Klaus-Dieter Mathes of Vienna on an edition and translation of the Sanskrit and Tibetan texts of the Dohākośapañjikā.  He delivered invited lectures in Kyoto, Chengdu and Kathmandu, and collaborated with scholars there.  He also did considerable amount of editorial work as the Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Indian Philosophy.

Hugh Collins completed a major project in Collins, Lester, and Mantouvalou, Philosophical Foundations of Labour Law (Oxford University Press 2018), in which he has two contributions, ‘Introduction: Does Labour Law Need Philosophical Foundations?' (with Lester and Mantouvalou), and ‘Is the Contract of Employment Illiberal’.  A new edition of Labour Law: Law in Context (Cambridge UP) is in press.  To promote public engagement, he also (with other professors and QCs) created and edits: https://uklabourlawblog.com.

Vincent Crawford continued work on nonparametric estimation of behavioural models, behavioural game theory, and the role of communication in relationships.  He completed a major review article for the Annual Review of Economics and published other papers.  He gave lectures at King’s College London, the University of the Basque Country, and two at St Antony's College, Oxford.  He serves as editor of Games and Economic Behavior, as a Guest Editor of American Economic Review: Insights, and on the boards of several other journals; and as a trustee of the Sanjaya Lall Memorial Foundation.

Wolfgang Ernst published Justinian’s Digest 9.2.51 in the Western Legal Tradition.  He gave his Inaugural Lecture in the Divinity School on ‘Statutory Interpretation in Roman Law’.  He finished a paper addressing the bundling of motions and deciding votes compared with other tie-breaker mechanisms, in shareholder meetings and other assemblies.  He delivered a keynote speech at the 2018 meeting of the Swiss Lawyers’ Association (Lugano), dealing with the history of contract law in view of contemporary challenges, posed by Smart Contracts.

David Gellner continued to work on a variety of subjects: Nepali diaspora populations; Dalits and class in Nepal; activism; and religion.  A special issue on Dalits was prepared for Contributions to Nepalese Studies.  An edited collection, Vernacular Religion: Cultural Politics, Community Belonging, and Personal Practice in the UK’s Nepali Diaspora, was published by Vajra Books.  ‘Politics in Gorakhpur since the 1920s: The Making of a Safe “Hindu” Constituency’ appeared in Contemporary South Asia, ‘Masters of Hybridity: How Activists Reshaped Nepali Society’ in JRAI, and ‘The Transformation of Evil in Nepal’ in Colson & Csordas (eds) Engaging Evil.

Beata Javorcik had one article accepted for publication in The Economic Journal and one in the Journal of International Economics.  She continued in her role as the Director of the International Trade Programme at the Centre for Economic Policy Research.  She served on the Council and the Executive Committee of the Royal Economic Society Council.  She was also part of the DFID-CDC Evaluation & Learning Programme Steering Group.  In the Economics Department, she headed the Recruitment Strategy Group and was responsible for post-graduate admissions.

Stathis Kalyvas is currently working on three major book-length projects: The History of Civil Wars, The Landscape of Political Violence, and Populism and Democracy, in parallel with several related papers with various co-authors.  He is launching a new project on Refugee Resettlement and Social Trust funded by the ESRC.  The Oxford Handbook on Terrorism which I co-edited was published in 2019 and three articles are forthcoming in 2020: “The Developmental Trajectory of the Greek State: An Interpretation”, “Fieldwork by Decree and Not by Design” and “Arab Civil Wars: Aggregate Models and Individual Cases.

Ian Loader continued to work on his book on Ideologies in Crime Control and completed papers on democratic experimentalism in crime control and on deaths in police custody. He was also successful in his application to the Economic and Social Research Council for a three year study on ‘Place, crime and insecurity in everyday life: A contemporary study of an English town’. The project will commence on 1st November 2019.

Kevin O’Rourke published papers on the history of interwar trade in the American Economic Review and European Review of Economic History, and another paper on what economic history has to say about anti-globalization backlashes in the Journal of Economic History.  He also published Une Brève Histoire du Brexit, Paris, Odile Jacob (2018); an updated version was published in English in 2019, under the title A Short History of Brexit: From Brentry to Backstop (Penguin).  He continues to research the history of interwar protectionism: he is currently working on Indian trade policy, and international responses to the Hawley-Smoot tariff.

Deborah Oxley continued an international collaboration on the impact of European invasions on indigenous welfare in 19th century South Africa; published in the Economic History Review on puberty as a critical window for boys’ growth; presented work on the long-term trends in nutritional intake in Sweden across the 19th and 20th centuries at the World Economic History Congress in Boston; and developed a model of a fiscal-criminal state emerging in late-18th century Britain for the Bentham Conference at UCL.  Her primary responsibilities in the University were the M.Sc. and M.Phil. in Economic and Social History and the History Faculty’s Athena Swan; she also chaired the Examination Fellowship at All Souls.

Catherine Redgwell completed work (with Alan Boyle) on the fourth edition of International Law and the Environment (OUP), as well as publishing several articles and book chapters.  In the spring,  she hosted the annual conference of the International Law Association’s British Branch on the theme ‘International Law at the Tipping Point’; and, as co-director of the Oxford Martin School’s Sustainable Oceans Programme, she co-organised with The Nature Conservancy, the Commonwealth Secretariat, and the Government of the Bahamas, a side event ‘Planning and Enforcement of High Seas Area-Based Management Tools’ for delegates at UNHQ for the second Intergovernmental Conference on biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction.

Catriona Seth hosted numerous visitors, mainly from French-speaking countries, for seminars, conferences and presentations.  She was the driving force behind the Choix Goncourt du Royaume-Uni to be awarded for the first time in December 2019.  She spoke at conferences in Versailles, Paris, Basel, Long Beach, Belfast, Edinburgh, Exeter, Cambridge, Quebec and La Vallée aux Loups.  She gave the 2018 Niklaus-Cartwright Lecture.  She continues to serve as president of the French Society for Eighteenth-century Studies (SFEDS) and will be Secretary General of the International Society for Eighteenth-century Studies (ISECS) from 2018-2022.  She was elected a fellow of the Academia Europaea.

Julia Smith continued to serve as Research Director for the History Faculty; in this capacity she developed and leads the Oxford-Berlin-Padua network on Mobility in Historical Perspective funded by the Oxford-Berlin Research Partnership and the John Fell Fund.  She delivered her Inaugural Lecture “Thinking with Things: Reframing Relics in the Early Middle Ages” and continues the research outlined there.  She published ‘Cursing and curing, or The practice of Christianity in eighth-century Rome’, in the Festschrift for her predecessor, Chris Wickham.

Cecilia Trifogli completed four articles on topics from Medieval theories of cognition, natural philosophy and metaphysics.  She gave invited lectures in Tel Aviv, Haifa, L’Aquila, and Lodz.  She continued to work on the edition of discussions about cognition by 14th century philosopher Thomas Wylton.  She served as Chairman of the British Academy Medieval Texts Editorial Committee.

Andrew Wilson continued to work on the archaeology of the Roman Empire and its economy, preparing several co-edited books.  He co-directs (with Alan Bowman) the Oxford Roman Economy Project, (with Chris Howgego) the Coin Hoards of the Roman Empire Project, and a project on Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa.  He published three geo-archaeological articles on ancient Utica, two book chapters on Aphrodisias, and, with Joe McConnell (former Visiting Fellow) and others, a paper on lead pollution from the early middle ages to the present.

Peter Wilson continued work on the ERC-funded ‘European Fiscal-Military System 1530-1870’ project, as well as a monograph on German military history 1500-2000.  He published one article, three chapters and several shorter pieces, completed one article and three chapters, and gave public talks, lectures and media interviews in the UK, US and Spain.  He also became the founding president of the Society for the History of War.

Examination Fellows

David Addison continued his doctoral research on late antique Hispania, passing Confirmation of Status in Trinity term.  He presented work deriving from this at a workshop in Princeton and at the Leeds International Medieval Congress.  An article addressing conceptual questions around ecclesiastical property has been accepted for publication in the journal Early Medieval Europe.  Ongoing work on the Visigothic martyr passions is to be published in the volume arising from the Princeton workshop. Additionally, he gave tutorials to a visiting student, supervised an undergraduate dissertation on early medieval notions of masculinity, and assisted with the Medieval History Seminar.

Katherine Backler continued work on women’s social relationships in classical Athens, producing chapters on free women’s relationships with their slaves, how paid work shaped women’s relationships inside and outside the home, and women’s relationships with their neighbours.  She expects to have a draft of the DPhil by early Michaelmas 2019.  She made three research trips to Athens to study items in museum collections; attended conferences on the boundaries of the family in the ancient Mediterranean, and on defining citizenship in classical antiquity; completed a ‘French for Classicists’ course, and took Modern Greek lessons. She taught reading classes on Thucydides at Mods and Greats levels.

Sarah Bufkin is working towards the completion of her DPhil in Political Theory.  In particular, she is revising a number of chapters related to Frantz Fanon, social critique and racial pathologies in the contemporary United States.  She successfully passed her Confirmation of Status review this spring. Sarah has continued to teach undergraduates at the Queen’s College, Oxford, and to co-convene the Critical Theory Seminar at All Souls

Clare Bucknell continued work on an edited essay collection, Byron Among the English Poets (now contracted for publication with CUP), and wrote a proposal for a trade book on the cultural history of popular poetry anthologies.  She wrote essays for the LRB, Apollo and the Literary Review and gave talks in Eton, Oxford, London and Edinburgh.  She taught second-year English students at Magdalen and lectured on eighteenth-century poetry in the English Faculty.

Hasan Dindjer continued his doctoral work on reasonableness in public law, alongside which he wrote and submitted a separate article in jurisprudence.  He also published a book review in the Law Quarterly Review, taught Moral and Political Philosophy to undergraduates, co-organised a workshop in administrative law theory, and presented at several conferences in the UK and US.

Claire Hall successfully defended her DPhil thesis in January 2019 and is in the process of turning it into a monograph.  In Hilary Term she wrote and delivered a lecture series on Ancient Greek Science.  She has spoken at conferences in Denver (Colorado) and Durham, and given papers at the Oxford-Princeton Classics seminar and the Oxford Late Roman seminar.  She is currently working on a chapter for an edited volume on divination, revelation and epiphany.

Max Harris began this past academic year in the final stages of his Law DPhil on executive power, having confirmed in mid-2018 but took up a position as an economic policy advisor in the Shadow Chancellor’s Office from January. He attended a workshop on ‘Administrative Law Theory’ in July, and published a summary of one of his DPhil chapters in the blog of the International Journal of Constitutional Law. During the last academic year he also continued work on co-editing a book in honour of the retiring New Zealand Chief Justice, Dame Sian Elias.”

Maya Krishnan completed the second year of the BPhil in Philosophy.  Her thesis, entitled "Kant's Critical Theology", will form the basis for her doctoral work.  She presented work on Kant's views on infinitely valuable worlds at the Thirteenth International Kant Congress in Oslo and published an article on epistemological issues related to machine learning algorithms.

Tess Little continued to write her DPhil - an exploration of transatlantic ties in the 1970s women’s liberation movement.  As part of this research, she conducted oral histories with activists in Britain, France and the US, to be archived at the British Library.  Her teaching this year included undergraduate supervision and a methodological seminar.  She also finished writing her first novel (Hodder, 2020).

John Merrington completed a Master of Studies dissertation on the subjectivity of the sixth-century Gallo-Roman historian Gregory of Tours.  He delivered a ten-minute version of this paper at a conference of Oxford and Cambridge Master's students at Birkbeck.  He intends to work this dissertation up into a published article next summer.  He has also done a small amount of teaching at another Oxford college, and conducted undergraduate admissions interviews with the history faculty in December.

Fitzroy Morrissey successfully defended his DPhil thesis, completed a book (titled Sufism and the Perfect Human: From Ibn ‘Arabi to al-Jili), co-authored an article (with Ronald Nettler) on Ibn Khaldun’s views on Sufism, and began work on another article (again with Ronald Nettler) on Mohammed Talbi’s engagement with Ibn Khaldun.  He taught Sufism and modern Islamic thought to undergraduate and graduate students, lectured on the Qur’an at Wycliffe Hall, and since early 2019 has been working on a new book, A Short History of Islamic Thought.

Marius Ostrowski has continued his programme of postdoctoral research on interwar political thought, expanding his focus from German social democracy to the intellectual prehistory of the European Union.  He secured contracts for two new books, Left Unity: Manifesto for a Progressive Alliance and Ideology, forthcoming with Rowman & Littlefield and Polity respectively in 2020 and 2021.  He spent five months as a Visiting Fellow in Politics at the European University Institute, Florence, uncovering previously neglected materials in the Historical Archives of the EU, and has written several articles on various themes in socialist and Europeanist thought based on this research.

Andrew Wynn Owen has been writing his doctoral thesis on Romanticism and epic poetry.  An article on polymetry and the works of the poet F. T. Prince was published in the journal Essays in Criticism in October 2019.  In Trinity term, he taught the Final Honour School paper Literature in English 1760-1830 to students from Hertford College.

Post-Doctoral Fellows

Ross Anderson continued research into the emergence of complex life on Earth. He initiated investigation of material collected during 2018 from Svalbard.  Further, he continues to study the conditions conducive to exceptional fossilisation, analysing material from Greenland, and securing access to the Diamond Light Source.  Several publications resulting from this work are at an advanced stage of preparation.  Anderson hosted the ‘Emergence of Complex Life’ meeting, attended a workshop in China, and gave a seminar in Leicester.  He gave public lectures to the British Science Festival, the Oxford Geology Group, and the Oxford University Museum.

Dmitri Levitin published an edited volume of essays, Confessionalisation and Erudition in Early Modern Europe (OUP), and several articles.  He made a major discovery among the manuscripts of Isaac Newton: a previously unknown ‘Rule of Philosophising’ composed by Newton.  This has been written up and will be published soon.  With Ian Maclean, he hosted an international conference on comparative approaches to classical reception in early modern Europe, the proceedings of which will be published, and to which he contributed a study of scholarship on the Canon of the New Testament c.1700.  Finally, he has almost completed his next monograph, The Kingdom of Darkness.

Lisa Lodwick has published articles on Late Iron Age urbanism and data sharing practices in archaeology.  She has presented papers at conferences in Italy, Manchester and Reading, and co-organised a conference session on Roman agriculture.  She has continued to undertake isotopic investigations of Roman crop husbandry, compiled a database of grain-drying ovens, and undertaken archaeobotanical analysis of Iron Age nucleated settlements in Britain and Italy.

Matthew Mandelkern published papers on modals, conditionals, presupposition projection, neg-raising and NPI-licensing, commands, and dynamic semantics.  He continued work on a book manuscript on dynamic semantics with Daniel Rothschild, and wrote papers on anaphora, relativism, and the logic of conditionals.  He gave a seminar at All Souls on new work in philosophy of language and gave talks at Queen Mary University, NYU, Princeton, MCMP, Utrecht, ZAS-Berlin, and the Radcliffe Institute.

Jasmine Nirody published an article on water-walking in lizards in Current Biology, and an invited opinion essay in Molecular Biology of the Cell.  She has completed an article on bacterial swimming, which is currently under review for publication.  Together with Lisa Lodwick, she organised a seminar on Reproducible and Open Research at All Souls. She has given invited talks at IBM Research, Oxford Physics, and the American Physical Society's Annual Meeting, and interviews about her research to several media outlets including The New York Times, New Scientist, Nature News, and the BBC World Service.

Philipp Nothaft completed work on a collaborative book (co-authored with Matthew Champion and Serena Masolini) entitled Peter de Rivo: On Chronology and the Calendar, while continuing to develop three further book projects.  Other work brought to a conclusion in the past year include four book chapters and six journal articles on various aspects of medieval and early modern astronomy, astrology, mathematics, historiography, and chronology.  He gave two undergraduate lectures on the history of technology and delivered conference talks in Oxford, Leeds, and York.  His latest book is an edition of Robert Grosseteste’s Compotus (co-authored with Alfred Lohr), which appeared in March 2019.

Erik Panzer continued research on deformation quantization (with B. Pym and P. Banks), dual conformal regulators and integration (with J. Bourjaily and F. Dulat) and exact solutions of non-commutative phi^4 theory (with R. Wulkenhaar).  This produced two published papers and a preprint.  The biggest project was the preparation of the first paper on the Hepp bound, a new tropical variant of field theory.  Furthermore, Erik continued the research on single-valued multiple elliptic polylogarithms in closed superstring perturbation theory.

Péter-Dániel Szántó began the academic year co-organising a workshop in Italy on the earliest haṭhayoga texts, which is also the subject of a forthcoming co-authored monograph.  After a study trip to Japan, he taught and lectured at Leiden University.  This was followed by another academic visit to Japan, a job interview at Stanford, and working on another co-authored monograph, this time on the mystical songs of Saraha, in Vienna.  He left fellowship in May to take up an ERC post-doctoral position at Leiden.  He published four articles and is currently preparing two further books.

Srikanth Toppaladoddi has completed projects on: (a) understanding the effects of fractal boundaries on heat transport in turbulent convection; and (b) obtaining a new boundary condition for the Fokker-Planck equation for sea-ice thickness distribution to describe the evolution of open water in the Arctic.  He is currently working on two new projects that concern understanding the nature of fluctuations in turbulent heat flux in the Arctic and constructing simple radiative-transfer models to study sea-ice growth.  He co-supervised a Master’s student in the Department of Physics and also gave an invited talk in the Oxford Fluids Network Workshop in August.

Other Fellows

Arthur Asseraf has been involved in teaching and administrative duties as a University Lecturer at Cambridge.  He published a monograph, Electric News in Colonial Algeria, with OUP.  He has also published a peer-reviewed article on 19th century Mediterranean information networks and several book reviews, as well as participating in multiple conferences in the UK, France, and Germany.

Sarah Beaver is the Domestic Bursar and Academic Administrator and responsible for the management of the College operational expenditure.  She supports the Warden in the administration of the College.

Fraser Campbell, alongside practice as a barrister in London, presented various papers to professional bodies, in particular on the protection of minority shareholders.  He also served as Specialist Adviser to the House of Commons Treasury Select Committee, and a Trustee of the Oxford Union.

John Drury is working on a short guide to the chapel, focusing on changing apprehensions of religion from the late middle ages to the nineteenth century.  In the meantime, Professor Hordern is editing for publication material from the successful symposium on the history of the chapel reredos, mentioned in last year's report.

Justine Firnhaber-Baker is senior lecturer and chair of medieval history at St Andrews.  She supervised seven PhD students, taught five undergraduate classes, and continued work on her book The Jacquerie Revolt of 1358, which will be published by OUP next year.  She published an article on that revolt and has three articles in press.  As an editor of The Mediaeval Journal, she saw three issues through to publication.  As editor of the St Andrews series in French History and Culture, she produced a new volume and arranged to move the series to OpenBooks Publishers, an open-access press.

Anthony Gottlieb continued to work on Ludwig Wittgenstein: Philosophy in the Age of Airplanes, a book about Wittgenstein’s life and conception of philosophy, to be published by Yale University Press.  In Trinity term he presented a seminar series on “Appeals to Nature”; an edited volume based on the series is in preparation.  He also published book reviews in the New York Review of Books and The Economist.

Simon Green completed a chapter on 'Reaction or Renewal: The Politics of Ecclesiological Restoration in All Souls’, to be published in a volume entitled The Making, Breaking and Restoration of the Reredos at All Souls College next year; he also wrote further essays for the AHRC-funded project producing a digitalized/ annotated edition of Hensley Henson’s Journals, of which he is a Co-Director; he is completing a CUP book extending his Birkbeck Lectures at Cambridge.  He continues to work on the College History (vols. 2-3).

Launcelot Henderson has continued his work as a Lord Justice of Appeal, sitting full time in the Civil Division of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales and writing judgments in a wide range of cases, particularly in the fields of tax law and business and property disputes.  He also chairs the Trust Law Committee, and participates in conferences and seminars on legal subjects

Peregrine Horden worked on the history of the College from its foundation to c.1700.  He prepared for publication, with Robin Darwall-Smith, a collection of studies on Oxford University in the eighteenth century, and also undertook preliminary editorial work on another collection, concerning the College chapel's reredos.

Colin Kidd co-organised a witness seminar at All Souls involving various British and Irish civil servants who had participated in the making of the Downing Street Declaration, was a visiting scholar in the Center for European Studies at Harvard, gave papers at three venues in the United States on the English Enlightenment, and readied for publication a set of essays emerging from an earlier public life event on political advice.

George Molyneaux continued practice as a barrister at Blackstone Chambers in London.  He also began work on a research project regarding the common law’s protection of what are often referred to as “fundamental rights”, and the relationship between such protection and that afforded by the European Convention on Human Rights and the Human Rights Act 1998.

Edward Mortimer travelled to Tunisia to present the Arabic edition of Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring (OUP, 2016); lectured on ‘the mechanics of formal and informal power in the UN’ at the School of Oriental and African Studies (London); contributed an article to Global Governance on ‘Kofi Annan’s public diplomacy’; helped organize, and spoke at, a conference on ‘Taking Forward Kofi Annan’s Legacy’ at Chatham House (London); and served on the Institute for Historical Justice and Reconciliation’s Task Force on ‘Contested Legacies in Public Spaces’, which met once at the Conseil d’Etat in Paris and once at All Souls.

Alex Mullen is Associate Professor in Classics at the University of Nottingham and Principal Investigator of the ERC project, the Latinization of the north-western Roman provinces.  All Souls hosted three project workshops.  She won a Philip Leverhulme Prize in Classics.  Her book with Olivia Elder, The Language of Roman Letters, will be published by CUP in September 2019.  Her book Gaulish: language, writing, epigraphy (Zaragoza) with Coline Ruiz Darasse has been translated into French and Spanish.  She published articles, gave papers, served on the board of editors of the Journal of Roman Studies and was President of the Nottingham branch of the Classical Association.

David Pannick continued in practice at the Bar.  He also worked as a Crossbench Peer in the House of Lords, serving on the Constitution Committee.  He wrote a fortnightly article on the law for The Times.  He gave a lecture in Cambridge to Canadian lawyers and judges on Brexit and Constitutional Law.

John Redwood has researched and written a book on populist movements, seeking to explain the establishment to the populists and the populists to the establishment entitled We don’t believe you.  He has continued his daily blog johnredwood.com, providing analysis of world economies and Politics.  He has given lectures on the Euro, austerity economics and populist movements.

Daniel Rothschild has continued to serve as the Head of the Department of Philosophy at University College London.  In addition to working on a book on dynamic semantics (with Matthew Mandelkern), he has published papers on presupposition and belief and organized workshops on Bayesian approaches to language and truthmaker semantics.

Christina Riggs’s book Photographing Tutankhamun: Archaeology, Ancient Egypt, and the Archive was published by Bloomsbury in December 2018.  She delivered a public lecture on this topic at Harvard University, as well as giving a lecture on her new research, ‘The eyes of the Sheikh el-Beled’, for a symposium in honour of Jan and Aleida Assmann at the Warburg Institute.  She finished writing Ancient Egyptian Magic: A Hands-on Guide, to be published in 2020 by Thames & Hudson.  She continued to teach art history at the University of East Anglia, but she leaves UEA to take up the Chair in the History of Visual Culture at Durham University from October 2019.

Katherine Rundell’s work has been primarily on a non-fiction book on the life and work of John Donne, to be published by Faber.  She saw her seventh children's novel through to publication, and wrote an essay, Why You Should Read Children's Books, Even Though You Are So Old and Wise, which was published as a small book by Bloomsbury.  She also contributed to programmes on BBC Radio 2, 3, 4 and 6, and wrote for, among other publications, the LRB and TLS.

Andrew Scott’s research addressed issues of private international law and in particular jurisdiction, applicable law, and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in the fields of commercial law, competition law and employment law, insolvency and restructuring.  He edited the 'Private International Law' chapter of the British Yearbook of International Law.

Thomas Seaman is a Trustee and member of the Council of the International Institute for Strategic Studies.  As Honorary Treasurer, he chairs the IISS Investment and Audit Committees.  He is a Fellow of Eton College, where he also chairs both the Investment and Audit Committees.

William Waldegrave remains Chancellor of Reading University and Provost of Eton College.  He has contributed reviews and articles to the national press.

Benjamin Wardhaugh works on the history of mathematics.  His biography of mathematician and educator Charles Hutton (1737–1823) was published by William Collins early in 2019, and his account of the history of Euclid's Elements of Geometry will appear next year.  He organises workshops and seminars on the history of mathematics, and serves as editor of British Journal for History of Mathematics.

Honorary and Emeritus Fellows

James Adams’s article on the Latin writing tablets most recently discovered at Vindolanda, Northumberland, will be published later in the year in Britannia.  He is doing the checking of references for his book, Asyndetic Coordination and the Latin Language, and is writing the conclusion to the volume he has edited with two others, on Early Latin: Constructs, Diversity, Reception forthcoming with Cambridge University Press.  He was invited to be Scholar in Residence at the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae in Munich in July.

Andrew Ashworth has continued to work on preventive offences in criminal law, with a paper translated into Spanish soon to be published; and his article on marginal general deterrence has been published in the Criminal Law Review.  He also continues his collaboration with Zedner: two pieces have been published in the last year, ‘The Rise and Restraint of the Preventive State’ in the Annual Review of Criminology 2019, and ‘Some Dilemmas of Indeterminate Sentencing’ in a volume entitled Predictive Sentencing.

Margaret Bent was awarded the inaugural Guido Adler prize of the International Musicological Society for lifetime achievement.  She continues to run her seminar series, undertake research on a number of projects, and has given several papers awaiting publication.  'Mayshuet and the Deo gratias motets in the Old Hall manuscript' was published.

Paul Brand published three articles and gave papers based on his unpublished research at Fischingen in Switzerland, Houston, Texas, Leeds and Ghent.  He continues research on English medieval legal and constitutional history and is making good progress with editing unpublished early English law reports from the late thirteenth and early fourteenth century.

Robin Briggs has continued to work on his general history of North-Western Europe.  His chapter entitled 'Catholiques et protestants: les languages du mal' has recently appeared in La Langue et la Foi dans l’Europe des Réformes (Classiques Garnier, Paris, 2019).  He has two other articles currently in the press.  One is a chapter on 'An Untrustworthy Reporter: Nicolas Remy and his Daemonolatreiae libri tres' for a collective volume called The Science of Demons.  The other is a chapter on European naval history, 1650-1815, for the Cambridge History of War, volume III. 

John Cardy works as a research physicist at the University of California, Berkeley, on aspects of quantum field theory as applied to condensed matter and high energy physics.  He continued developing a deformation of field theory in which the concept of locality no longer makes sense, and which has become something of a hot topic.  As a result he was invited as a keynote speaker at several international conferences and workshops.

Guy Goodwin-Gill continues his work on the movement of people between states, looking at the history and legal and institutional challenges.  Currently based at the University of New South Wales/Kaldor Centre for International Refugee Law, he gave lectures and talks in Queensland, Tasmania, New Zealand and at the University of California Hastings, and published papers on, among other subjects, the Cold War origins of the International Organization for Migration, the need today for a global compact on migration, and the prospects for refugee protection in South East Asia.  He also contributed a chapter to the Oxford Handbook on United Nations Treaties (2019).

Christopher Hood continued to work (as principal investigator) of a Nuffield Foundation-funded three-year study of public expenditure control in the UK (with comparative elements) from 1993 to 2015.  He presented papers from the study at academic conferences in Singapore and Nottingham, and gave the 2019 Mary Douglas Memorial Lecture at St. Anne’s College on the subject of ‘Public Expenditure: Where Goodhart’s Law Meets Douglas’s Law’.

Roger Hood has continued to write and work as a consultant on the death penalty in its international context.  His article, ‘Is public opinion a justifiable reason not to abolish the death penalty? A comparative analysis of surveys of eight countries’, was published in the Berkeley Journal of Criminal Law and on the website of the Italian NGO, Hands off Cain.  He is nearing completion of a survey of the views of influential citizens in the countries of the East Caribbean on why the death penalty has not been abolished.

Jane Humphries published papers in the Economic History Review, Explorations in Economic History, and the Economic Journal.  Together these provide a significant revision of the history of English wages with implications for the chronology of economic growth.  New projects include a study of Denaby Main, a coal mining community in South Yorkshire.  She gave the prestigious Figuerola Lecture in Madrid, keynote addresses at conferences at Lisbon, Milan, and Trondheim, papers at Pisa, Lund and Tubingen, and a public talk at the Charles Kingsley Festival in Wokingham.  She continues to teach graduate students in Oxford while holding her Centennial Chair at LSE.

Vaughan Lowe is working on a new edition of his book on the Law of the Sea, and has been contributing to the immeasurable shelves of Festschriften.  He continues to sit as an arbitrator on various international tribunals and to practise before the International Court of Justice, as well as engaging in advisory work for a range of governments and international organizations.  He has led seminars on aspects of international law at the National University of Singapore and the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.

James Malcomson has continued research into the economics of relational contracts, on-going relationships in which not all details are fully specified in a legally enforceable way.  (Standard examples are employment, commercial supply relationships and purchase of services.)  During the year, he presented papers on this at Stanford University and the University of Chicago.  He has continued to serve on the Review Body on Doctors’ and Dentists’ Remuneration, which advises UK governments on pay for doctors and dentists in the NHS.

Ian Maclean continued to work on theological interpretation in the late Renaissance, on intellectual history in the seventeenth century, and on the history of the learned book in the period 1560-1750.  With Dmitri Levitin, he co-organized a workshop on the reception of the classical tradition in the late seventeenth century.  He has published two articles, completed one other and a draft of a monograph on the history of the learned book in the seventeenth century, and given invited papers in Antwerp, Innsbruck and St Andrews.  He has continued as co-editor of the Oxford-Warburg Studies, and has served on various other editorial boards and international review bodies.

Avner Offer’s high point this year were the four Cambridge Ellen McArthur Lectures in November on ‘Time horizons as boundaries for market, public, and social enterprise’, partly anticipated in a discussion paper on ‘Patient and impatient capital’.  The lectures will be published by CUP.  Overseas presentations included one in Moscow on gender attitudes and household inequality.  Of two presentations at the OECD in Paris, one was on the political economy of housing credit, the other on the effect of identity and culture on the quality of life.  A book chapter also appeared, on the energy balance of power during the First World War.

David Parkin’s continued working on multi-modal communication by organizing a panel entitled The Orchestration of Semiosis at the annual conference of the Association of Social Anthropologists, and by preparing for publication related work on the communication of aesthetic, health and commercial aspects of tea drinking in China.  He has also started bringing together a collection of essays on language and anthropology.  A collaborative project in moral anthropology resulted in the publication of Evil: a Tangled Skein in Olsen and Csordas Engaging Evil.  He was awarded the Royal Anthropological Society President’s Lifetime Achievement Award.

Nicholas Rodger gave the Lees Knowles Lectures at Trinity College, Cambridge, in November 2018, on ‘The Culture of Naval War, ca 1850-1950’.  At almost the same moment both his parents died, soon followed by his mother-in-law, with the consequence that work on the third volume of his Naval History of Britain came to a temporary halt, and has only recently resumed.

Dan Segal continues to work on aspects of profinite groups.  Last year he published a paper on such groups with 'few' open subgroups.  In a different direction, he contributed material on arithmetic groups to a multi-authored paper on algorithms that determine the finite simple images of a finitely presented group.  Recently he has been collaborating with logicians on questions around axiomatizability; a long paper is in preparation, showing that a surprisingly wide range of profinite groups can be determined by a single first-order sentence.

Graeme Segal has continued his work on the foundations of quantum field theory and its relations to the geometry of space-time.  As a sequel to his 2016 Kan Lectures in Utrecht he has written a paper on the smooth homotopy category, and presented a first version of it at a meeting in Austin in January.  He has carried further his work with Kontsevich on Wick rotation, showing that its framework  implies the locality postulates of conventional axiomatic field theory.  He has also given two talks on aspects of the mathematical work of his teacher Michael Atiyah, who died this year.

Boudewijn Sirks continued working on Roman law in antiquity and late antiquity (i.e. on the colonate), as on legal history of the 16th century onwards.  He has co-edited two Festschrifts and published articles on ‘in bonis habere’ and on ‘societas’ in Roman Law, further on the history of tontines in the Netherlands, and on ‘quid pro quo’.  He has given (invited) papers in Leiden, Tokyo, Bonn, Krakow, Salamanca, and Brussels.

Eva Margareta Steinby wrote an introduction to Roman late antique brick stamps for a handbook to be published by Pontificio Istituto di Archeologia Cristiana.  The revision of the edition of stamps from Central Italy (published by Institutum Romanum Finlandiae, www.bollidoliari.org) proceeds and so does work on the prosopographies of landowners and contractors known from the stamps.

Hew Strachan has written a report for RAND Europe and the Ministry of Defence on 'The Utility of Force and Public Understanding in Britain'.  He remains a specialist adviser to the Joint Parliamentary Committee on the National Security Strategy.  Much of the rest of the year has been devoted to projects and papers arising from the final year of the First World War centenary, including an edited volume on the British home front 1914-1918, the product of the government-supported conference on the subject held in St Andrews in June 2018.

Michael Teper has continued his research on quantum field theories using lattice techniques.  He produced a paper resolving one of the two paradoxes that had arisen from earlier calculations of the spectrum of SO(N) gauge theories.  He also wrote a paper on the physics of Abelian gauge theory in two space dimensions.  His current work is largely focused on preparing a new calculation of the physics of SU(N) gauge theories in three spatial dimensions.

Keith Thomas published several review articles during the year.  He advised the Leverhulme Trust, served on a number of editorial boards, commented on drafts of many books and articles by other scholars, and gave papers to college History societies in Oxford and Cambridge.  He continues to work on his collected essays.

Charles Webster has continued his work on Samuel Hartlib and his associates.  His draft study is provisionally titled Samuel Hartlib and his friends: Advancing learning in times of Strife.  His account of his family in Eastern Europe has been further amplified; the most recent addition is an annotated catalogue of his collection of the work of Jakob Steinhardt.  He continues to assist in policy interventions relating to the NHS.

Chris Wickham has continued working on his book on the commerce of the Mediterranean, 950-1150, and has now completed three chapters out of a projected seven.  This book has now been accepted by OUP, with the provisional title The Donkey and the Boat, and he will base the Wiles Lectures in 2021 on it.  In addition, he has co-authored a long article in early medieval processional culture with Professor Leslie Brubaker.  He has been a visiting professor in Tübingen and Lisbon.  He has also been on the AHRC Council, and is the AHRC’s representative on UKRI Open Access committees.

Andrew Wilkinson is co-Chair of the National Neonatal Data Analysis Unit and Board member of the Neonatal Audit Programme commissioned by the Health Quality Improvement Partnership.  Both aim to raise UK standards of medical care for the new-born.  He is editor of annual reports and publications of research and quality improvement.  He chairs National Institute for Health Research data monitoring committees and is a Member of the International Vermont-Oxford Network Advisory Board.  He is chair of the 4th edition of the National Guideline for Screening and Treatment of Blinding Retinopathy of Prematurity and examined for various universities.  Recently he has taught in Madagascar, Gaza and Rwanda.

Visiting Fellows (Terms in residence and parent academic institution)

Nadine Akkerman (Michaelmas, Hilary and Trinity Terms, Leiden University, History) continued the work for volume 3 of The Correspondence of Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia, and completed a draft of her biography, which will present a thorough re-assessment, if not rehabilitation, of the Winter Queen’s life and importance (OUP, forthcoming 2020). She contributed a critical bibliography on Elizabeth for Oxford Bibliographies Renaissance and Reformation (New York: OUP, 2019), and submitted a consolidator grant application to the European Research Council on scribes and early modern manuscript culture.

Mark Bailey (Ford Lecturer, Michaelmas Term, University of East Anglia, History) delivered the James Ford Lectures in British History on ‘After the Black Death: Society, Economy and the Law in Fourteenth-Century England’.  These explored in detail the interplay between institutional structures and severe demographic decline, and its implications for the development of factor markets.  He consolidated his research on this theme, preparing the six lectures for the Hilary Term.

Patrick Degryse (Hilary Term, Earth and Environmental Sciences, KU Leuven) worked on new approaches to kernel densities in lead isotope studies within archaeology in cooperation with the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art. With All Souls Fellow Andrew Wilson, he discussed possibilities for using lead isotopes in the interpretation of historic pollution in Northern Hemisphere climate archives. He also prepared for publication several journal papers on scientific analysis of archaeological materials and finalized the manuscript for the handbook Analysis of Inorganic Materials in Archaeology.

Christopher Dye (Michaelmas, Hilary and Trinity Terms, World Health Organization, Public Health) began writing a book, Prevention is better than cure: the price of illness and the value of health, to be completed by April 2020 (OUP). He gave a series of lectures in Oxford, Berlin, Brussels and Makassar, completed and published a paper on the control of tuberculosis in Africa (World Health Organization) and a commemorative article on the 50th anniversary of Garrett Hardin’s “The Tragedy of the Commons” (Science, with Angela McLean). He began collaborations on public health projects at the Big Data Institute and the Oxford Martin School, and with the Oxford-Berlin initiative.

Anthony Geraghty (Michaelmas Term, University of York, History of Art) prepared the text of his Wren drawings catalogue (2007) for republication online. He also started work on a new book, provisionally called The Natural Vitruvians: Wren, Hawksmoor and Vanbrugh. He worked through the archival sources pertaining to the eighteenth-century rebuilding of All Souls (in the Codrington Library and at Worcester College), he contributed to the Oxford Architectural History Seminar, and he brought groups of students from the Oxford History Faculty and the Courtauld Institute of Art into the Codrington to see the Wren drawings.

John Ikenberry (Michaelmas, Hilary and Trinity Terms, Princeton University, Politics) did primary and secondary research for, and wrote, seven chapters of his book, A World Safe for Democracies: Liberal Internationalism in the Anglo-American Era and Beyond, which will be published in 2020 by Yale University Press. He gave many lectures around Oxford, including a lecture in the T.E. Lawrence Seminar series at All Souls. He was also the convener of the Visiting Fellows’ colloquia, chairing ten of the eleven events during the three terms.

Thomas Keymer (Hilary Term, University of Toronto, English) completed Poetics of the Pillory: English Literature and Seditious Libel 1660-1820 (OUP). The book traces the rise and fall of seditious libel prosecution following the lapse of press licensing in 1695, and argues that the period’s characteristic forms of literary ambiguity may be attributed to ongoing censorship pressures. He began research for a related monograph provisionally entitled Henry Fielding and the Trade of Authoring: Literature, Politics, and Law in Eighteenth-Century England, and drafted three chapters of A Very Short Introduction to Jane Austen (OUP). He gave talks in Oxford and at the University of York.

Philip Pettit (Locke Lecturer, Trinity Term, Princeton University, Philosophy) did final preparation on the John Locke Lectures, which he gave on six consecutive Wednesdays in the Faculty of Philosophy, beginning 1 May 2019. The lectures are due to be published as a book by Oxford University Press, probably under the title The Birth of Mind: How Language Powers Our Mental Capacities.

Henry Power (Trinity Term, University of Exeter, English) began work on a critical edition of Alexander Pope’s translation of the Homeric poems, which has recently been contracted to OUP. There is a higher concentration of early editions of Pope’s Iliad in Oxford than anywhere else in the world, and he was able to consult eight different copies of the ‘Subscribers’ Quarto’—one of which is held by the Codrington Library, as All Souls was a subscriber to the original edition in 1715-20. He also wrote and delivered a paper on the afterlife of Pope’s Homer (with particular reference to John Keats and Thom Gunn).

Jennifer Rampling (Hilary and Trinity Terms, Princeton University, History) finished revising her first book, The Experimental Fire: Inventing English Alchemy, 1300–1700 (Chicago, 2020), and conducted research on two more: The Hidden Stone (on the spectacular, emblematic “Ripley Scrolls”), and The Dark Glass (on the evolution of alchemical imagery in early modern England). She finished co-editing the volume Alchemy and Medicine from Antiquity to the Enlightenment (Routledge, 2020) and wrote four articles and book chapters. She co-convened the Seminar in the History of Pre-Modern Science, and gave three talks in Oxford, including an unrolling of the Bodleian’s five Ripley Scrolls.

Mary Ann Sieghart (Michaelmas, Hilary and Trinity Terms, Independent Researcher, Sociology/ Psychology) researched and started writing a book on how and why we tend to accord less authority to women than to men. It is based on academic research but also includes interviews with about 40 highly successful women in all walks of life. It will be published in autumn 2020. She gave a seminar based on her research to the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism in Oxford. She also gave the Mansfield Lecture at Mansfield College, a Visiting Fellows’ Colloquium at All Souls, and set up a College choir.

Amy Singer (Michaelmas, Hilary and Trinity Terms, Tel Aviv University, History) continued work on Ottoman Edirne in the first half of the fifteenth century to understand the cohering of this city, the Ottoman state, and the idea of a capital city prior to the conquest of Constantinople. She wrote three articles, gave four presentations at Oxford, and spoke at three conferences in Sofia, Edirne, and Notre Dame University. Regular meetings with the Byzantinists and Medievalists at Oxford allowed the detailed outline of a book and drafts of two articles: on the curiously thin historiography of Edirne and Edirne’s role in defining the boundary between Islam and the Byzantines.

Catherine Tucker (Michaelmas, Hilary and Trinity Terms, MIT, Economics) conducted research on potential sources of algorithmic bias, and the potential for data-based discrimination. This work has emphasized that apparent algorithmic bias is often a result of the interaction of economic forces such as trying to minimize costs or maximize efficiency. It has also emphasized the surprising implications of initially innocuous correlations in digital data between sensitive demographic variables and seemingly extraneous behaviours such as drinking prosecco or liking turbot. This work has important implications for policy designed to promote algorithmic fairness.

Ralph Wedgwood (Michaelmas Term, University of Southern California, Philosophy) made progress on his exploration of the concept of rationality. He finished two complete chapter drafts of his planned book Rationality and Belief, and worked out three further chapters in sufficient detail to present them as talks at two Oxford colleges (in autumn 2018), and at the University of California, San Diego, and the University of Iowa (in spring 2019). He also completed another paper, ‘Practical and Theoretical Rationality’, which is due to be published in an MIT Press volume that includes the work of both philosophers and psychologists.