CMG, MA, DLitt (Hon)
Distinguished Fellow since 2013
Senior Program Advisor, Salzburg Global Seminar
My interests include global governance, human rights, the history and politics of the Middle East, and the management of diversity in contemporary Western societies. In 2014-15 I have been working with The Elders – a group of senior international statesmen and women which seeks to promote the shared interest of humanity – on proposals for strengthening the United Nations, particularly in the area of international peace and security. I also delivered the keynote lecture 'Guests or Comrades? The rights of migrants in the workplace' at the conference on American Multiculturalism in Context held at the Université de Haute-Alsace in Mulhouse (France) in March 2015; and helped to organise a symposium on 'International Responses to Crimes Against Humanity – the Challenge of North Korea' at the Salzburg Global Seminar in June.
- Distinguished Fellow, All Souls College (from 2013)
- Senior Vice-President and Chief Programme Officer, Salzburg Global Seminar (from 2007 to 2012)
- Two-Year Fellow, All Souls College (from 2006 to 2008)
- Chief Speechwriter, Executive Office of the Secretary-General and, additionally, Director of Communications (from 2001), United Nations (from 1998 to 2006)
- Honorary Professor, University of Warwick (from 1993 to 1998)
- Research Associate, International Institute for Strategic Studies, London (from 1990 to 1991)
- Foreign Affairs Commentator, Financial Times (from 1987 to 1998)
- Two-Year Fellow, All Souls College (from 1984 to 1986)
- Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, New York (from 1980 to 1981)
- Assistant Paris Correspondent (1967–70) and Foreign Specialist and Leader-Writer on Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Affairs (1973–85), The Times
- Prize Fellow, All Souls College (from 1965 to 1972)
- Undergraduate, Balliol College, Oxford (from 1962 to 1965)
- Contemporary history
- 'Europe’s future: 1814, 1914 – or something completely different?' (Inaugural Palliser Lecture, House of Lords, 3 February 2014).
- (co-editor) People, Nation and State: the Meaning of Ethnicity and Nationalism (London: I.B. Tauris, 1999).
- A Few Words on Intervention (London: John Stuart Mill Institute, 1995).
- European Security after the Cold War (London: Brassey's for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1992).
- The World That FDR Built: Vision and Reality (New York: Scribner's, 1989).
- The Rise of the French Communist Party, 1920-1947 (London: Faber and Faber, 1984).
- Faith and Power: The Politics of Islam (London: Faber and Faber, 1982).
- France and the Africans, 1944-1960: A Political History (London: Faber, 1969).
Other professional memberships and roles
- President, British Association of Former UN Civil Servants (from 2011)
- Chair of UK Board, Children's Radio Foundation (from 2015)
- Chair, Sri Lanka Campaign for Peace and Justice (from 2010 to 2015)
- Honorary Fellow, Balliol College