Dr Arthur Downing

BA, MPhil, DPhil
Quondam Fellow since 2017
My research is predominately concerned with the history of mutualism. My current research focuses on the history and economics of cooperative sickness and health insurance in the late 19th and early 20th centuries – known as ‘friendly societies’ and ‘fraternal associations’ at the time. Looking at a number of regions I am interested in the effectiveness of these institutions, their role in facilitating migration, and how they were affected by the emergence of the welfare state.